Questions tagged [terminology]

This tag should be used for questions concerning meaning and usage of words as applied in medical science.

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What's the proper terminology for the cumulative existence of a disease in a patient?

I'm looking for the medical term that refers to the cumulative time a patient has suffered from a particular disease. For instance, if Jane was diagnosed with diabetes when she was 42, and now she's ...
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Meaning of “patients were self-selected to undergo treatment or remain untreated”

From Treatment of Folate Metabolism Abnormalities in Autism Spectrum Disorder: In an open-label therapeutic trial of patients with nonsyndromic infantile ASD, patients were self-selected to undergo a ...
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What is the meaning of T2 Nx Mx in histopathological examination?

My dad's histopathological examination (HPE) of his rectal adenocarcinoma says T2 Nx Mx. Hence, it means that the lymph nodes were not assessed. However, as per my understanding, when the rectum/colon ...
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Seeking a translation for Russian “геморрагический венчик” (hemorrhagic crown?), a feature observed in an infarct

According to the Russian classification of infarcts, По цвету инфаркт может быть белым (селезенка, головной мозг), белым с геморрагическим венчиком (сердце, почки) и красным (геморрагическим). ...
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Meaning of “acquisition in a single volume” (CT scanning)

From a research paper: (Richards, et al. 2018). A number of integrated strategies were used to achieve this consistently low dose, including; prospective ECG-gated acquisition, lowest possible tube ...
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603 views

Is hydrothorax considered as edema?

In _Robbins Basic Pathology 9th ed., edema is defined as [E]dema is an accumulation of interstitial fluid within tissues. Extravascular fluid can also collect in body cavities such as the ...
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174 views

Colorectal examinations

This question was sparked by this discussion about the sigmoid and rectum. When looking at the colorectal medical examination techniques, for want of a better term, there are the sopical examinations (...
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Meaning of “D1 q3w” in a poster to a clinical trial

From a poster to a clinical trial: I can understand that q3w means "once every 3 weeks", but what is the meaning of D1? I think the first DI must be a typo and it stands for D1 too.
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How do I specify a particular side of a finger?

I'm trying to indicate which side of a finger an injury has occurred (e.g., a cut). Depending on orientation of the hand left/right / sinister/dexter seems ambiguous. I look at my palms it's one way, ...
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34 views

Meaning of “I” in a table in a study poster

From a poster to a study: I don't understand the meaning of "I" used in several fields of this table. What could it mean? I've read the abstract of the study but still cannot get it. The ...
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Meaning of “the benchmark for median survival”

From the Background section of a clinical trial poster: Good performance, unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients should receive standard-of-care treatment, i.e. Concurrent ...
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Meaning of “(ref)” in a table describing the characteristics of patients taking part in a cancer study

From a poster describing a study in cancer patients. This is from a table in the poster, which describes the characteristics of the patients (Age groups, Sex ect.) You can see what percentage of the ...
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Who are “good performance patients”?

I'm translating a study poster and came across the following excerpt: Good performance, unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients should receive standard-of-care treatment, i....
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meaning of “presence of a diagnosis”

From a research paper Percentages and means for baseline characteristics and 2-year course indicators were provided across age groups. Additionally, these characteristics were associated with ...
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48 views

Suture types (layman question)

I hope it's okay to ask a layman question here. I am translating one of the episodes of Grey's Anatomy (S5E9) and came upon this dialogue: Dr. Bailey: OK, yeah, that's right. Grey, tie it off ...
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What is the medical meaning of “course”?

From the Cambridge Dictionary Meaning of course: the often gradual development of something, or the way something happens, or a way of doing something Did the scandal have any effect on the course of ...
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What is the umbrella term for examination/diagnostics using tools, equipment and instruments?

There's a Russian healthcare term инструментальная диагностика - instrumental diagnostics (I'm not sure whether the translation provided by Multitran is really commonly used in English). It covers ...
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Confirmed, recovered, deaths, meaning

I am wondering about the exact definition of a few terms that are being used in connection with the COVID-19, specifically in data sets. I am interested in the data at github specifically in the time ...
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Meaning of “correlates” in “.. clinical therapeutic studies of LAC in depression and TRD and its correlates .. ”

From "Myriad of implications of acetyl-l-carnitine deficits in depression": Nasca et al. (1) were appropriately conservative in interpreting their findings and pointing out multiple directions for ...
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What is the definition of STI? (formely STD) [duplicate]

We know that for laymen, an STI (sexually transmitted infection) is something that can spread via sexual activities. However, there are some infections that can spread sexually but is not considered ...
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What is the difference between Dry cough, Wet cough, Chesty Cough, Barking cough?

I am doing some research on cough sounds but my background is not health sector and I am facing issues to identify the correct type of cough. I have two doubts : Is chesty cough Wet cough? Is ...
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What is aminorachia?

From Folinic acid responsive seizures: a new syndrome? (1995): This infant girl seized within 6h of birth. Seizures were ameliorated with high-dose multiple anticonvulsant therapy. CT scan, urine ...
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Is autosensitization dermatitis fully synonymous with id reaction, and if not, what's the difference?

Autosensitization dermatitis and id reaction have different Wikipedia pages, but I can't understand the difference between them. Is there any, or are they synonymous? When I asked on a translators' ...
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What's the distinguishing attribute between sensitivity and specificity?

Sensitivity and specificity. These are the links I used to know about these two terms: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sensitivity_and_specificity https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=FnJ3L-63Cf8 https://m....
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Is astigmatism a type of retinopathy?

Astigmatism is a common vision condition that causes blurred vision. It occurs when the cornea is irregularly shaped. Retinopathy is any damage to the retina of the eyes, which may cause vision ...
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Who came up with the SARS-CoV-2 name?

I know that the WHO came up with the COVID-19 name, but I see big publisher (Springer) also using "SARS-CoV-2" seemingly to refer to the same thing. To be more technically correct, they say the ...
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Why does MERS include a geographical designator, even though it is a relatively recent term?

In a recent interview, the Chief Executive Director of the WHO Health Emergencies Programme--Dr. Michael Ryan--said that the pandemic of influenza in 2009 originated in North America and we didn'...
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Difference between blood serum and plasma

I'm not understanding some of the explanations I've seen on the internet: What is Serum? Put simply, serum is plasma minus the clotting factors and blood cells. Link But the plasma doesn't ...
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medical meaning of “Meridian”

A video tutorial is using a spoon to explain how astigmatism occurs. the cornea ideally should be perfectly round like a ping-pong ball which is a perfect sphere and has the same curvature in ...
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Are individuals with controlled blood pressre still considered to have high blood pressure?

I was reading this article: https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2020-03-18/99-of-those-who-died-from-virus-had-other-illness-italy-says the TL;DR is that 99% of the Covid-19 deaths in Italy had ...
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Is Coronavirus (Covid-19) considered a pandemic?

It is my understanding that "epidemic" is an abnormally high amount of cases than expected. "Pandemic" refers to a epidemic that crosses continents (Please correct my understanding if it is wrong). ...
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Medical instruments for pushing something out of the way

In the Russian classification of medical instruments, some instruments are grouped under the title "medical instruments for moving aside": The description says: "Instruments whose working ...
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What is the difference between Rhinitis, nasal congestion and runny nose?

Rhinitis, nasal congestion and runny nose → from prior reading on these terms I recognize somewhat inconsistency in regards to how people define them or use them in various articles. I personally ...
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Is a lab “test” the overall collection of things, or the individual things in the collection?

At some laboratories, such as image #1, there is one overall "test" which contain many "markers". At other laboratories, such as image #2, there is one overall "report" which contain many "tests". ...
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How do you distinguish between “cure” and “recovery” in terms of medical terminology?

​‎I hear a lot of people using the words "cure" and "recovery" interchangeably. Are these two words interchangable in epidemiology? What's the difference between these two in terms of medical ...
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What is the medical term for paralysis while sleeping?

What is the medical term for the natural paralysis that occurs while a person is in REM sleep? I look it up online, but I only find sleep paralysis which is a misnomer as that actually happens when ...
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Is a broader term than Neuro-Muscolo-Skeletal used in medical literature?

Many Mechanic conditions involving anatomic deformity or idiopathic chronic joint inflammation conditions are classified as Neuro-Muscolo-Skeletal (NMS). Is there another widely accepted broader term ...
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Is there a “cancelling” drug interaction?

When I read on how drugs affect organisms I often come across the drug interaction term, most often how one drug might have a good or bad synergistic effect with other drugs: Mixing Paracetamol with ...
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Lack of clarity about terms for average glucose in diabetes research literature (MBG, MPG, and AG)

The meaning of “mean plasma glucose (MPG)” is unambiguous, but I’m having an incredibly difficult time making sense of the way the term “mean blood glucose (MBG)” is used in medical research ...
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Is this description a tension headache?

Could this be describing a "tension headache"? A throbbing, aching pain that starts at the back of the head and finishes just below the shoulder line. I thought tension headaches start and ...
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Meaning of “terminal” in “terminal necropsy”

From a clinical study report: At scheduled terminal necropsy after 52 weeks of dosing there limited gross necropsy findings were noted. What is the meaning of "terminal" here? I need to translate ...
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What is the difference between vasoconstriction and contractility?

I was reading few articles that mention stress induced cortisol may contribute to vasoconstriction and contractility as if they are different. I did some searches on vasoconstriction and ...
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What are “powered” vs “unpowered” samples in medical studies?

I'm not a medical (/ medical research) professional, but I know my probability theory and a bit of statistics. When leafing through some meta-study texts (such as this one), I'm encountering use of ...
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Is there a universal medical terms naming convention web resource?

I want to use proper conventional names for known diseases and cell and tissue types in my scientific research. Is there a web resource where I can look the terms up and make reference to this ...
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Meaning of “sib of 20” in a by-patient case description table

A table from from Cerebral folate deficiency: Analytical tests and differential diagnosis: The first column contains patient numbers. I thought that sib of .. meant "sibship of .." - that is, "...
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Medical term for headbanging inability post-car-crash condition [closed]

I would like to know the name of the brain (sub)condition whereby after a car accident, you are unable to shake your head in vigorous back and forth or side to side headbanging activity head movements ...
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Is there a classification code system for TB patients (registered for follow-up) in the West?

I came across the following sentence in a Russian text: Диссеминированный туберкулез легких в фазе инфильтрации, МБТ (-) IА I translated it as: Disseminated pulmonary tuberculosis at the ...
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What is the difference between “mild degeneration of the muscular attachment of the gluteus medius” and “mild tendinosis of the left gluteus medius”?

I have read the following two terms: mild degeneration of the muscular attachment of the left gluteus medius mild tendinosis of the left gluteus medius Do these two terms refer to the same medical ...
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Term for manufactured drug

What is the English term for a manufactured pharmaceutical drug of a specific strength and dosage form, i.e. a pill, an ointment etcetera?
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Does “400 mg orally twice daily” mean “800 mg of drug per day”?

From a case report: In addition, the authors started 5-hydroxytryptophan titrated to 400 mg orally twice daily with concomittant carbidopa 37.5 mg orally four times a day, and he responded with ...