Questions tagged [surgery]

The treatment of injuries or disorders of the body by incision or manipulation, esp. with instruments.

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Why is the Virchow node involved in Gastric Adeonocarcinoma?

The lymph node drainage of the stomach is via the pyloric and related lymph nodes. Either way, the supraclavicular node (Virchow's node) is not the first lymph node that drains the Stomach. According ...
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What happens in an operating theatre when a fire alarm goes off?

What happens in an operating theatre, during complex surgery that cannot be safely interrupted, when a fire alarm goes off and is not a test? I assume that there is some sort of protocol in place?
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If a patient arrives at the ER unconscious and needs immediate surgery, will they be put under general anesthesia?

I can't seem to find an answer to this question anywhere, but I'm sure that there's some kind of procedure for this situation. Assuming attempts at resuscitation fail, what is the next step for a ...
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How many times in a lifetime a man can do laser vision/eyesight correction/surgery?

Is it true that laser vision/eyesight correction/surgery is strictly recommended to do only once in a lifetime and if after first laser correction someone's eyesight returned to bad condition the only ...
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In what cases is a tendon injury considered not amenable to surgery?

Wang, Allan W., et al. "Autologous tenocyte implantation, a novel treatment for partial-thickness rotator cuff tear and tendinopathy in an elite athlete." BMJ case reports 2013 (2013): bcr2012007899. ...
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How to access your doctor or surgeon's medical "track record" before a surgery or procedure

United States here, and New York state specifically (if it matters). Our five year old son needs to have an endoscopy performed with a local GI specialist. I understand its a simple procedure, but ...
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Are transorbital lobotomies still considered ethical these days?

Psychosurgery has a controversial history and despite modifications still raises serious questions about benefit, risks, and the adequacy with which consent is obtained. Its continued use is defended ...
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What is the likelihood of effective repair of septal perforations greater than 2 cm?

With septal perforations >2 cm that have clear borders what is the likelihood of establishing blood supply over the inserted cartilage after septal repair? How much of the existing mucosa can be ...
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Will cryolipolysis reduce fat cell's total number in human?

As we known, fat cell's number will not decrease for adults. Without other surgery, new fat cell will replace the dead fat cell and keep the total number constant. A and B are two people with same ...
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Does corrective eye surgery for affect the ability to focus similar to corrective lenses?

If corrective lenses adjust the point at which the eyes focus and, for a strong correction, inhibit the ability to focus at the opposing distance, will corrective eye surgery affect vision in the same ...
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Thumb RCL reconstruction - Abductor Pollicis Brevis vs Palmaris Longus

Tearing the Radial Collateral Ligament in the thumb seems to be way less common than tearing the Ulnar Collateral Ligament in the thumb and so I'm having trouble finding relevant information on Google....
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What is the least a human needs to survive and remain concious?

This question is rather morbid, but I have been asking it myself for quite some time. My thought process was this: If someone removed my limbs, I'd still be able to survive. Other non-vital organs, ...
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Does alternating silicone sheets with silicone gel yield a better scar reduction than using silicone sheets or silicone gel alone?

ScarAway's packaging mentions (ScarAway is one of the main brands for silicone gels and silicone sheets in the United States): For best results: Use as part of a complete scar treatment regimen, ...
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Why are the surgical margins for invasive ductal carcinoma less than the margins required for invasive ductal carcinoma in situ?

Per the NCCN guidelines version 4.2020 (which is unfortunately pay-walled), for invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC), the recommended margins are no tumor on ink, while isolated ductal carcinoma in situ (...
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What are the names of surgical instruments?

My questions Please tell me the names of scissors (1) and (2) of the following figure. Please also refer to the differences in characteristics of (1) and (2) for the case when we use ...
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Are any 3D printed materials biocompatible (safe for implantation in the human body)?

Are any typical 3D printed (extrusion based 3D printer) materials, such as ABS or PLA (or slightly more exotic ones, such as kevlar, fibreglass, or carbon fiber), safe for implantation in the human ...
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What's The Minimum Staffing/Logistics For Running A Hospital?

Specifically, a hospital serving a local population of 200-400 people, and assuming departments include ER, ICU, dentistry, maternity, outpatient, pharmaceutical, radiology, and general surgery. What ...
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Name of septoplasty technique without nose tubes?

I have a small blog and want to motivate its readers to go and see a doctor if they have constant trouble in the nose. In April 2017 i had a septoplasty and am very happy with the results :D I have ...
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CRPS without constant pain

Hy everyone! My mom broke her right arm almost 2 months ago (I believe this is called distal radius fracture), and she had to undergo a surgery. 3 weeks after the surgery she started with ...
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Average Number of Sutures per E.R. visit

I'm trying to gather data for a bioengineering project, but I'm finding difficulty locating the statistic of the average number of sutures per visit, for E.R.'s. Does anyone know how to find this data?...
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Where are good places to find reference?

I'm a special effects makeup artist (these are the guys who do the wounds or injuries for the movies). I need good reference (images or video) of how all kinds of Injuries look like, to make the stuff ...
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Vicryl suture not dissolving

I had surgery recently, the doctor said he used vicryl suture to close the wound. I understand that vicryl dissolves in 70 days, but it's been 80 days since my surgery and the suture is still there. ...
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My front tooth fell out after a fall, dentist put it back in...?

Has anyone had this happen where the dentist put it back in? He told me he would see whether my body rejects it or not and than he would do a root canal and put a crown. What are the chances my body ...
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Has anyone tried to do "telepresence" prenatal surgery yet?

I am wondering if anyone is exploring doing prenatal/fetal surgery using micro-robotic devices controlled "by wire", a sort of local-remote surgery? There are a number of medical conditions that are ...
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Which is a good size of leg stent?

A stent is a small mesh tube that's used to treat narrow or weak arteries. Some stents are coated with medicine that is slowly and continuously released into the artery. These stents are called drug-...
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How bone of broken toe can be straightened without surgery?

I am reading this article about broken toe: If your toe is crooked after the injury, the bone may be out of place and need to be straightened in order to heal properly. This may be done either ...
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26 views

Brain shunt draining

A shunt inserted into the brain to relieve the pressure from Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus drains into the peritoneal cavity. Why could it not simple drain into an external container?
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Are the surgical site infections "in the brain" caused by same bacteria found in "other parts of the body"?

Are the surgical site infections "in the brain" caused by same bacteria found in "other parts of the body"? There's a blood-brain barrier so, most of the bacteria that infect ...
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Meaning of subperiosteal undermining

I am in Medical school and I've been going thru the chapter on cleft palate in Bailey. In the repair of Cleft lip, it says Muscular continuity is achieved by subperiosteal undermining over anterior ...
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What happens after removing a schwannoma tumor?

When a patient is diagnosed with a huge trigeminal schwannoma for example and undergoes a surgery to remove it, what happens exactly to the area where the tumor was growing? Since schwannomas grow in ...
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Are deaths resulting from medical procedures reported and searchable?

In New York State are specialists, surgeons, anesthesiologists, etc. reported to a state agency when a patient, undergoing surgery or medical procedure with them, dies during the procedure or from ...
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How is a ruptured blood vessel repaired? (Drew Bledsoe)

A famous near-fatal injury is the ruptured blood vessel suffered by Drew Bledsoe in a football game in 2001. He was hit in the chest by the tackler's shoulder and this sheared a blood vessel in his ...
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How would someone with medical experience treat a closed fracture of the tibia without proper equipment?

Let's assume a few people were stranded in the wilderness and didn't have access to proper medical equipment. One suffers a simple, closed fracture of the tibia right between knee and foot joint due ...
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Is there any long-term upside in having an open-ended vasectomy instead of a closed vasectomy, given that all open vasectomies will eventually close?

https://www.theturekclinic.com/blog/choosing-an-open-or-closed-vasectomy-in-beverly-hills/: First off, all open vasectomies will eventually close. It’s what the body does with leaks. It just takes ...
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What are the most significant breast tissues in Gynecomastia?

From prior research I understand that only these types of tissues can cause gynecomastia: Adipose tissue ("watery") Mammary Gland Tissue ("viscous") Excessive skin tissue ("saggy") Connective Tissue ...