Questions tagged [renal]

Questions having to deal with the kidneys.

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12 votes
2 answers
600 views

Dietary Factors for Calcium Oxalate Kidney Stones

Is there any evidence that diet factors play a big role in the creation of calcium oxalate kidney stones? Some doctors and other sources recommend cutting out coffee, tea, soft drinks, and dietary ...
7 votes
1 answer
112 views

Lithium side effects (kidney)

Lithium (taken as a mood stabilizer) can lead to renal problems in patients, especially those taking it long-term. How prevalent are these side effects and how are they managed - for example, ...
  • 7,009
6 votes
0 answers
58 views

What are the common causes of excess protein (1 g) in the urine for kidney donors?

I am looking for common causes in diet or lifestyle or other conditions such as hypertension, rather than malfunction in the active (single) kidney. Apart from medical management, what are some ...
4 votes
1 answer
264 views

How does amiloride increase calcium reabsorption in the kidneys?

Amiloride is a potassium-sparing diuretic that acts on the distal convoluted tubule and collecting ducts to inhibit ENaC channels. I found studies that show that this drug increases calcium ...
  • 1,054
4 votes
0 answers
48 views

What does it mean for eGFR to be “normalized” to BSA?

I’ve seen a few calculators of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) based on the CKD-EPI mention that the equation does not require the patient’s weight, because the results are reported ...
4 votes
0 answers
171 views

Can GFR be improved in patients with kidney failure?

How widely can glomerular filtration rate (GFR) values fluctuate and can they ever improve? How much "error" might one expect in the value if sampled quarterly?
3 votes
1 answer
105 views

Why do corticosteroids have few kidney-related side effects?

Prostaglandins are involved with promoting various renal functions. Therefore, NSAIDs, like indomethacin which inhibits protaglandin formation through COX enzyme inhibition, tend to have many side-...
  • 1,054
2 votes
1 answer
118 views

Body's response to rapid ingestion of water?

As we are all aware, if you drink a large quantity of water in a short time period, you will likely have to go to the toilet not too long afterwards. The body detects the increase in fluid volume (...
  • 1,680
2 votes
0 answers
12 views

Atypical Haemolytic Uremic Syndrome diagnosis

5 months ago I was diagnosed with atypical Haemolytic Uremic syndrome (aHUS). At the time of diagnosis I was extremely anaemic had high creatanine levels low platelets and evidence of haemolysis. I ...
  • 121
2 votes
0 answers
58 views

Juices that dialysis patients can drink

What type of juice a patient, who is undergoing hemodialysis, is permitted to drink?
  • 84
1 vote
0 answers
77 views

Should dentists perform surgical dental procedures in a hospital to patients undergoing dialysis?

I am a Mexican dentist, I read the book Medicina en Odontología Manejo Dental de Pacientes con Enfermedades Sistémicas which translates to General medicine for dentistry. Dental Management of the ...
  • 111
1 vote
0 answers
32 views

Alternative Imaging Method for Renal Contrast Media

The background of this research isn't important, so I won't waste time on it. For a portion of my research, I need to assess the capabilities of certain substances as renal contrast agents [basically ...
  • 11
1 vote
1 answer
116 views

Check Lithium Related Side Effects Without Blood Test

Situation: A middle aged patient with no health insurance and a well documented history of moderate to severe bipolar disorder visits a low cost clinic. The patient has a just lapsed lithium ...