Questions tagged [oncology]

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2
votes
1answer
39 views

Is biopsy still required for cancer diagnosis given that advanced medical imaging is now available?

For cancer diagnosis, there is biopsy, an invasive technique. However, PET CT, SPECT CT, MRI are non-invasive. Do oncologists still require the use of biopsy to ascertain type of cancer, i.e., to ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

How exactly does induced Scalp Hypothermia prevent alopecia (hair loss) during chemo therapy?

Recent studies 1 of women getting chemo for early-stage breast cancer have found that at least half of the women using one of these newer devices lost less than half of their hair. 2 Scalp ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Is there a cancer treatment method that uses a poison and an antidote?

I am wondering if the following method (or similar variations) for treating cancer exists and if so if it works. The metod is to deliver an ”antidote” to all cells (or all cells of a specific type) ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Cancer treatment through regulation of myeloid-derived suppressor cells

There are many ongoing clinical trials that leverage the power of the immune system to recognize tumor cells such as CD47 and PDL1/PD1, and even engineered T cells! I ran across an immune cell type ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Why is there is no screening for Ovarian Cancer?

From what I have read it is not considered effective to screen for ovarian cancer in non-symptomatic women. Would it not be worth doing an ultra-sound scan, then if there are growths found, do a ROMA ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the meaning of T2 Nx Mx in histopathological examination?

My dad's histopathological examination (HPE) of his rectal adenocarcinoma says T2 Nx Mx. Hence, it means that the lymph nodes were not assessed. However, as per my understanding, when the rectum/colon ...
7
votes
2answers
163 views

Why does following a fiber-rich diet help reduce the odds of getting cancer?

Following a fiber-rich diet seems to help reduce the odds of getting cancer, according to some scientific studies. Why would fibers help preventing cancers? WebMD indicates an indirect effect: fiber-...
6
votes
2answers
126 views

What are survival rates of male patients in stage IV throat cancer that has metastasised to the lower pallet?

The patient is receiving a combination of radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The surgery to remove the cancerous throat tissue was not entirely successful as the surgeon discovered that the cancer had ...
5
votes
1answer
184 views

How to detect colon cancer?

How can a person get to know that he/she is suffering from colon cancer? What are the symptoms, and how long does it take for them to appear?