Questions tagged [obstetrics]

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3 votes
1 answer
334 views

Maximum time after fertilization, after which pregnancy test no longer works

I am wondering if there is a maximum time after fertilization, after which a pregnancy test no longer works. On the internet, I can find lots of questions and answers around how early after ...
3 votes
0 answers
54 views

Studies on long-term health impacts of IUDs on children conceived after IUD removal

Have any studies been done on the health outcomes of children conceived after removal of their mothers' IUDs vs. children whose mothers never had IUDs? This study is close to what I'm looking for: ...
2 votes
0 answers
30 views

What is the absolute risk of blood clots in pregant women? [closed]

What is the absolute risk of blood clots around pregnancy, and by what factor the base risk is increased by the main risk factors?
1 vote
0 answers
25 views

Does covid significantly increase the chances of losing a baby? [closed]

As two late 20s early 30s healthy adults, both vaccinated with two dosages of Moderna more than 6 months ago, we suspect a pregnancy (wanted!). We've heard that being ill with Covid-19 increases the ...
-2 votes
1 answer
72 views

What data supports the safety of COVID-19 mRNA vaccines for women of childbearing age?

I am looking for the actual data (ie, numbers) supporting the widespread consensus regarding the safety of the COVID-19 mRNA vaccines with regards to fertility, pregnancy, and childbirth, as stated ...
0 votes
1 answer
92 views

Is natural labor beneficial to a vaginal delivery?

Vaginal delivery of human babies includes two often harrowing stages: "Stage 1" consists of "labor" to dilate the cervix, while "Stage 2" encompasses "pushing" ...
1 vote
0 answers
40 views

What happens when a Rh+ mother pregnant with Rh- baby?

I know that when a Rh- mother pregnant with Rh+ baby there might be a complication during the pregnancy, if the mother is sensitized to Rh+. However, I have not found out any resource that states what ...
0 votes
0 answers
16 views

Is the ultimate cause of failure to conceive generally early miscarriage?

Mechanical issues aside, the process of human reproduction involves a very large number of sperm meeting an egg. It would seem then that given conception can either fail before, during, or after the ...
0 votes
1 answer
31 views

Why anti-VEGF increase in preeclampsia?

Anti-VEGF(vascular endothelial growth factor) Now my question is about pathogenesis of preeclampsia, where in due to underdeveloped placental spiral arteries, they become high resistance, low ...
0 votes
1 answer
27 views

How human placental lactogen (hPL) is associated with insulin resistance in pregnancy?

I am unable to understand the molecular mechanism of hPL induced insulin resistance. Sharing of relevant article/text would be of immense help.
1 vote
0 answers
18 views

Effects of anti-Rh(D) antibodies on the fetus

Rh disease is caused by the irruption in the fetal circulation of anti-Rh(D) antibodies. This only happens when there has been a prior exposure of the mother to Rh+ RBC. To prevent Rh sensitization ...
2 votes
1 answer
53 views

Why do doctors recommend C-section for second birth to women who have 3rd or 4th degree tears in first birth?

From the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists’ The Management of Third- and Fourth-Degree Perineal Tears Green-top Guideline No. 29 June 2015 (updated link): The reported rate of OASIS (...
3 votes
1 answer
5k views

Faint line on pregnancy test

I've taken a pregnancy test in the morning on two different days and the result was a faint line both times. Does this mean the pregnancy test was positive or not?
-1 votes
1 answer
41 views

How to Determine the Top Medical Science Professors in Specific Fields? [closed]

If I want to determine the top medical science professors in a specific field and contact them, how would I go about doing so? I especially want to contact clinical professors. Currently, I am ...
7 votes
0 answers
83 views

Are postpartum home (not chlorinated) baths more harmful or hurtful to vaginal childbirth recovery?

For this specific question, I am ONLY referring to baths taken either in a facility or home that are for hygiene purposes ONLY: For this question, please disregard information regarding chlorinated/...
0 votes
1 answer
106 views

Does using 2 vials of sperm per Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) attempt increase the chance of pregnancy?

I read on https://community.cryobank.com/discussion/3305/how-many-vials-per-iui that some reproductive endocrinologists (RE) recommend to use 2 vials of sperm per Intrauterine Insemination (IUI) ...
2 votes
0 answers
197 views

Epidural and cholinesterase deficiency

I have pseudocholinesterase deficiency (BCHE gene), but my wife does not. My wife may need/strongly desire an epidural for our next child. Is this safe for a fetus which may possibly have the same ...
1 vote
0 answers
31 views

Research on reasons how vasectomy fails

Commonly referred number is that in 1:1000 cases of vasectomy pregnancy can still happen (with same partner). How many such cases have been really studied so far where a pregnancy took place after ...
10 votes
1 answer
366 views

In an emergency situation, how does the medical doctor determine that an unconscious patient is pregnant?

If I were to be in a car accident, or something similar, I know that certain tests would be performed either by the first responders or by the medical personnel in the emergency room. Like checking my ...
2 votes
1 answer
185 views

What is the probability of having a second pregnancy with IUGR?

The odds of a pregnancy with an Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) appear to be ~5% in the general population, but, after some searching through Pubmed, I have not been able to find if that number ...
1 vote
1 answer
35 views

Can Vitamin C and E supplements cure or manage Preeclampsia resulting from oxidative stress?

According to Judith E. Brown's fifth edition of the "Nutrition Through Life Cycle" textbook, "Oxidative stress and lack of anitoxidant defences appear to play key roles in the development of ...
2 votes
0 answers
35 views

Is Gestational diebetes common to all pregnant women? Can the unborn develop complications from mother with Gestational Diabetes? [closed]

I work as an Industrial Training student in a government Hospital and every Tuesday, happens to be our Immunization clinic. Then a Health talk proceeds. During the Health talk which was conducted by ...
3 votes
0 answers
36 views

Are there risks to long term use of IUSs?

The IUS is similar to the intrauterine device (IUD), but instead of releasing copper like the IUD, it releases the hormone progestogen into the womb (NHS 2018). It thickens the cervical mucus, which ...
14 votes
2 answers
5k views

How much Vitamin B12 do you need?

Vitamin B12 is stored over a very long time such that vegans, for example, only get any signs or symptoms of B12 deficiency after a span of years, even though they have hardly any sources of the ...
2 votes
1 answer
67 views

What effect would a sperm containing XX have on a ovum and fetus?

So this is just a random thought I had, while writing a story, but I assume this is likely impossible currently, and likely in the far future aswell, but let's assume a scenario where the body that ...
2 votes
0 answers
29 views

Health insurance out of registration period for pregnant woman [closed]

My wife and I are residents of NC. Yesterday , we just realized that my wife is pregnant and unfortunately she doesn't have a health insurance. Medicaid is an option we are going to pursue but i am ...
1 vote
0 answers
62 views

Ethics and concerns about feeding human placenta to humans?

Background: Placenta is served out of a typical kitchen, i.e. it is chopped up and used in a variety of dishes. The kitchen after the event is never cleaned to any degree that say a surgical room ...
4 votes
3 answers
68 views

Growing foetus in another woman's womb

If you have a medical issue and are unable to carry a baby, can you have the fetus taken out of you and grown in another woman's womb? Or could you freeze it? I'm thinking of a medical issue like ...
2 votes
1 answer
92 views

What is the fetal viability of a full-term birth baby?

The Wikipedia article on fetal viability gives a table giving fetal viability at each week of gestation: So at 34 weeks the viability rate is >98%. But I'm wondering what is the viability of a full-...
10 votes
1 answer
8k views

How long will it take to show the signs of pregnancy after intercourse

How long will it take to show the signs of pregnancy after having intercourse without using any birth control method? Please assume the couple as fertile. Ex:- Nausea with or without vomiting, ...
2 votes
1 answer
50 views

Risks for VBAC vs repeat Cesarean

When discussing a possible vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC), healthcare professionals often cite the risk of uterine rupture during VBAC as a motivation for repeat Cesarean. This is however only ...
1 vote
0 answers
87 views

Does the likelihood of spontaneous labour increase with every membrane sweep?

Two or three membrane sweeps are offered to overdue mothers in weeks 40 and 41 to start labour. Is it advisable to skip the first membrane sweep at week 40 and simply wait for a week, or does this ...
4 votes
1 answer
47 views

Postpartum haemorrhages due to partial placenta detachment or tear

If only part of the placenta is delivered after the baby is born and the rest is still attached to the womb, the mother can lose a large amount of blood via postpartum haemorrhage. There is no ...
4 votes
1 answer
104 views

Are there any long term health risks for a woman (and/or her children) when using hormonal birth control?

Research seems to indicate that contraceptives which contain only progestin are generally considered safe for women even when taken daily as pills for several years. But my wife conceived while ...
4 votes
1 answer
850 views

In medieval times, how were twins detected?

I was wondering how women (in the old times) were able to find if they were expecting twins. Was it possible a woman give birth to twins without knowing it?
4 votes
0 answers
28 views

Are there any herbal medicines that have been established to actually speed up or ease labor?

Now that I'm 37 weeks pregnant, I seem to have a large number of acquaintances suggesting herbal medicines to me the speed up labor or thin the cervix. The two most common have been raspberry leaf tea ...
4 votes
1 answer
231 views

How does a late term abortion work?

Imagine this situation: A woman is pregnant with a baby in the 8th month and the doctors notice the pregnancy is affecting the health of the woman - so there has to be an abortion, for it is sure that ...
4 votes
0 answers
1k views

Is it normal to have high cholesterol after pregnancy?

Does breastfeeding moms tend to have higher cholesterol levels after pregnancy?
1 vote
0 answers
72 views

Is Pregnancy without Weight Gain or Distended Belly a Health Risk?

There's an old show called "I didn't know I was pregnant" where girls sometimes gain little to no weight and don't look pregnant, then suddenly give birth. Is this unhealthy or dangerous for them or ...
3 votes
1 answer
143 views

Is O positive male compatible (fertility wise) with AB positive female?

I'm a male with O positive blood type. My girlfriend has AB positive blood type. Are we medically compatible? Do we have good odds of having healthy offspring? Is there anything we should be aware ...
0 votes
1 answer
123 views

Is there any truth to the claim that pregnancy is somehow a health risk to women?

I've heard people say that pregnancy is somehow dangerous for a woman. I know that you can get high blood pressure, and gestational diabetes but that's usually among obese women. The conditions are ...
3 votes
1 answer
39 views

Menstruation and emergency contraceptives

I would like to know whether emergency contraceptive (such as postinor2) can make you skip a period completely in the menstural cycle it was taken in? Especially after a pregnancy test (taken 3 days ...
5 votes
1 answer
84 views

Using corticosteroids during pregnancy

I recently learned that steroids are sometimes given to mothers in preterm labor. For example: If a baby is at risk of being born too early, giving the mother steroids before the birth can help ...
5 votes
1 answer
713 views

Why does the package leaflet of Ferrograd C advise not to use in the first 13 weeks of Pregenancy

When looking at the advice for iron supplements in pregnancy its seems to be safe if needed, but in all that information the line "Do not take Ferrograd C tablets during the first thirteen weeks of ...
1 vote
1 answer
45 views

Laser treatment during pregnancy?

I desperately need advice! I'm so happy to say that I'm 5 weeks pregnant. I just confirmed it yesterday. I'm concerned only about one thing. I have undergone laser hair removal a few days back without ...
3 votes
1 answer
165 views

Liver for iron deficiency anemia

I need some help for one of my stories and I didn't think this would be suitable for Worldbuilding or Writing so I am asking it here. Lisa, one of my characters, is pregnant and she is in her second ...
3 votes
1 answer
58 views

What is the dispersion of woman's ovulation day around the mean value which is 14th day?

Everywhere there's information that ovulation happens at around 14th day of the cycle. But what is the mathematical meaning for the word around?
1 vote
1 answer
65 views

About contraception pills efficacy

It is supposed to take "placebo pills" when a woman is on her menstruation and just only the first time she start taking contraception pills is mandatory to consume a pill on the first day of the ...
-2 votes
1 answer
100 views

Maximum time for symptoms of pregnancy to show up? [duplicate]

Just wanted to know what is the maximum possible time for symptoms of pregnancy to show up after having unprotected sex(assume conception occurs)? What I mean is visible symptoms,not something like ...
-1 votes
1 answer
2k views

What is the life expectancy of a sperm in dried semen?

How long can sperm survive when semen dries? Can dead sperm cause pregnancy? For example, if semen were left to dry on the toilet seat for 2 hours, and a woman were to use the toilet, is there ANY ...