Questions tagged [neurology]

The branch of medicine or biology that deals with the anatomy, functions, and organic disorders of nerves and the nervous system.

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Why both hypokinetic and hyperkinetic changes are seen in Parkinsons?

In Parkinsons disorder the substanstia nigra pars compacta get affected and there is destruction of the dopaminergic neurons, which ultimately disturbs the direct and indirect pathways. Now we know ...
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35 views

what is the visual feedback in parkinson's disease?

the patient cannot walk normally, but can only walk if there are black and white squares on the floor. How can we explain this visual feedback physiologically? basically what is visual feedback? What ...
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Is the MSC-based regenerative medicine promising for Ischemic stroke stroke patients? ; two points difference in the 47-point test

Many papers says, regenerative medicine using MSCs are promising for Ischemic stroke stroke patients. But in my layman's sense, various data don't seem promising. So, I want to hear the opinions of ...
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What is the meaning of “subcortical retraction” in a description of MRI of a Kearns-Sayre syndrome patient?

I came across the term subcortical retraction and cannot understand its meaning. Does it mean "the withering of the subcortical areas" (shrinking of subcortical white matter)? From Follow-up ...
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Meningeal irritation in subarachnoid hemorrhage

Meningeal irritation, as indicated by features such as neck stiffness, is a common finding during subarachnoid hemorrhage. However, its pathophysiology is rather unclear to me. In particular, I do not ...
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A neurologist or a psychiatrist or a psychologist, who is better suited to diagnose neurodevelopmental disorders?

There are a lot of neurodevelopmental conditions which are hidden-type and resembles mental conditions. These includes sensory processing disorders, prosopagnosia, developmental coordination disorder (...
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4k views

Is there a way to stimulate taste buds after stroke?

After a stroke late last year, my 87 year-old grandfather hasn't been doing so hot. After being discharged from the hospital's rehab center, he has been in our care for over two months. Keeping food ...
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Light adaption of pupil. When is a size adaption normal? [closed]

if an eye gets lighted with a fleshlight or other lightsources the pupils will decrease their width. This pupillary response is a typical indicator in diagnostics. Is there any specific value which ...
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157 views

Myasthenia Gravis and preserved deep tendon reflexes, why?

I saw a patient on rounds the other day w/ MG (Myasthenia Gravis) and it was mentioned that DTR (deep tendon reflexes) are preserved. I've been going over it in my head and I am confused why they ...
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51 views

Would neurons regenerate even in adults? [closed]

I want to know whether or not the nerves regenerate in human adults. My Question Please give me evidences for this issue. What experiments and logic do they use to prove that the nerves are/are not ...
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Why is multiple sclerosis associated with trigeminal neuralgia?

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is classically described as: an immune-mediated inflammatory disease that attacks myelinated axons in the central nervous system (Luzzio, n.d.). Since MS only involves the ...
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The Roles of SSRIs and Neurotransmitters in Migraines

How do SSRIs alleviate migraine pain? Can anyone shed any light into the mechanism please? More broadly, I am interested in the roles of neurotransmitters in the cause and potential prevention of ...
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Why does Delayed Post-hypoxic Leukoencephalopathy (DPHL) have a biphasic clinical course?

Delayed Post-hypoxic Leukoencephalopathy (DPHL or Grinker myelinopathy) is a rare condition where patients recovering from an anoxic/hypoxic brain injury develops new neurological symptoms 2-4 weeks ...
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Can thickened maxillary and ethmoidal sinuses cause headaches?

An 18 year old patient has had mild and constant daily headaches for two months. The headaches were most painful in the eyes and forehead area. His MRI was clean, apart from moderately thickened ...
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319 views

Does a unilateral total obstruction of the carotid artery cause brain damage?

The brain receives oxygenated blood from both the internal carotid arteries and the vertebral arteries, which are connected through the Willis circle (Circulus arteriosus cerebri). Obstruction of ...
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Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis treatments [closed]

Could Batten’s disease be cured by supplementing a drug which promotes lipolysis, since it is caused by an accumulation of lipids in brain?
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Does hydroxychloroquine make tardive dyskinesia worse?

I found this article which suggests to me that chloroquine (hydroxychloroquine?) can make tardive dyskinesia worse. Is my reading of it accurate?
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Can neuromuscular electrical stimulation be used as a low-cost alternative to mechanical breathing

It is speculated that because of COVID-19 pandemic there may be shortage of intensive care equipment (mechanical breathers) causing deaths. Though IDK what is so costly in these mechanical breathers ...
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31 views

Tilt table test and beta blockers

Is tilt table test indicative with beta blockers for dysautonomia diagnosis? Or is it require drug withdrawal?
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What, if any, are reasonable further tests for evaluation of cryptogenic stroke?

What is considered a "complete" workup of cryptogenic stroke? If someone presents with symptoms consistent with stroke and receives: PE EKG and external monitoring, MRI with contrast/MRA of head and ...
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39 views

How does high-intensity aerobic exercise affect the brain?

I have been reading articles claiming that serotonin, endorphins and BDNF are produced during exercise, but they never mention the intensity or duration of exercise for this to happen. To not make ...
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22 views

How does low-intensity aerobic exercise affect the brain?

I have been reading articles claiming that serotonin, endorphins and BDNF are produced during exercise, but they never mention the intensity or duration of exercise for this to happen. To not make ...
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39 views

Why does the brain shrink and increase energy usage after dehydration?

Along with mood and energy deficits a dehydrated brain has to use a lot more energy to accomplish the same tasks, shows a study from King's College London. Quote from Dehydration affects brain ...
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Are transorbital lobotomies still considered ethical these days?

Psychosurgery has a controversial history and despite modifications still raises serious questions about benefit, risks, and the adequacy with which consent is obtained. Its continued use is defended ...
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How valid is the amyloid hypothesis in the causation of Alzheimer's disease?

I have researched this topic and found conflicting opinions towards the amyloid hypothesis in causing Alzheimer's disease. How valid is it?
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28 views

Peripheral excitability effects of Mirtazapin

Is there any reason/mechanism according to which only two dosages (on two consecutive days) of Mirtazapin 30mg might lead a patient to feel an increase in their peripheral neurological sensitivity, ...
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325 views

What things can trigger scintillating scotomas? Are they sometimes classified benign and not a reflection of a condition requiring further treatment?

This is a different question than Are scintillating scotomas really caused by cortical spreading depression? If so, how is this known to be true? asked almost one year ago in Psychology and Neurology ...
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286 views

What are the symptoms of Migraine and how to categorise into severe or mild etc

How to identify if someone suffers from migraine? and how is the migraine categorised ie whether it is severe, mild etc?
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What’s the role of hypothalamus in headache pathophysiology? [closed]

The hypothalamus forms part of the central autonomic network, regulating body homeostasis and controlling pain. What is its role in headaches?
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331 views

Skin receptors on finger tip

How many receptors do we have on our fingertipps per square centimeters? I found 2500 but do not find the source. Is this correct?
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86 views

Tips on identifying CVA patients

In my work, not once i encounter old people with deterioration and i am having hard time deciding if does symptoms may be related to CVA or not and if a neurologist should be called. I will explain ...
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1answer
28 views

Has tardive dyskinesia ever “gotten better?” [closed]

I have tardive dyskinesia and my doctor said when he diagnosed me that it "might" not go away. I've heard that it's "potentially permanent." Has there ever been a recorded case where the condition has ...
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151 views

Why does prosopagnosia (face blindness) only affect recognition of faces?

I read a short story involving prosopagnosia (Wikipedia), which harms or fully removes a person's ability to remember and recognize faces, and I've since been doing reading to better understand the ...
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114 views

Foods/drugs/vitamins to avoid, or not avoid, for tardive dyskinesia

I'm half expecting this to be closed as off-topic as seeking personal medical advice, but I'm going to try not to phrase it that way and see how it flies. For full disclosure, I was recently diagnosed ...
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Why do some neurons live longer than others?

It seems that the scientific community agrees that the development of new neurons stops between adolescence and early adulthood. ("Does the Adult Brain Really Grow New Neurons?" https://www....
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140 views

Why can't surgeons operate on nerves?

Why can't surgeons operate on nerves? We see when operating, surgeons always try to protect the major nerves. Doctors handle bones, muscles, tissues but not nerves. Why? Can they see the nerves?
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112 views

Parkinson's Disease and Pesticides

Recently, one of my relatives, who is a farmer, got diagnosed with Parkinson's Disease. He is 45 years old and has no positive family history. One of the doctor told us that the occurence of the ...
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Can the human brain be taught to recognize new body parts, and how?

A newly emerging category of medical study is the potential to replace a missing piece, in part or in its entirety. While currently in its infancy, the potential for this in human health is astounding....
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384 views

What is the name for the symptom of mishearing words?

There’s a really interesting symptom I remember hearing about, wherein the patient will fail to understand certain sounds correctly, in a repeatable fashion. For example, the patient could be ...
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2answers
59 views

Biochemistry of (tap water) iontophoresis?

I'm curious to know what science has to say about the biochemical processes of tap water iontophoresis. I was trying to find some insights from the mechanism of action to answer things like: Why does ...
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63 views

Reference request: Parkinson's disease book

I am about start a project on computational modelling of basal ganglia in the context of Parkinson's disease. My background is mostly on computational side (and some neuroscience too) and I know ...
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1answer
84 views

how to stop frequent nocturnal emission [closed]

My age is 28 . I am male and i am un married I do not watch any content that may arouse feelings but still i face the problem of nocturnal emission (without any dream) approximately twice a week ...
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1answer
212 views

What are normal values for EMG/nerve conduction studies?

Where can I find a detailed table of normal values for NCS (nerve conduction studies) for the various arm nerves - ulnar, median, radial; including both motor and sensory component of each nerve; ...
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Any examples of diagnoses, therapies or rehabilitation procedures based on patients writing code?

For various neurological or psychiatric conditions, treatments and rehabilitation procedures have been developed that try to stimulate affected functionalities, e.g. music therapy or chess play for ...
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3answers
230 views

What ingredients in this list are causing my hands to get warm? (improve circulation to my fingers) [closed]

EDIT: scroll down towards the bottom towards the bottom for my answer. Its thoracic outlet syndrome. If I do certain stretches it goes away. Its an issue related to my bad posture and nerves getting ...
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2answers
73 views

Can aphasia like symptoms be caused by something other than physical trauma to the brain?

From what I've read, Aphasia is always caused by trauma, either a head injury, stroke, etc. Are there linguistic disorders related to the brain selecting the wrong word etc. that are physiological or ...
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Is there any data about the significance of a blood serotonine level test and links to depression or other psychiatric diseases, or simply mood?

What does low or high blood serotonine levels tell us. Is there any data on the link between certain conditions and serum serotonine concentration?
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1answer
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Why aren't children affected by pins and needles as much as adults?

If I sit down cross-legged on the floor for any more than about ten minutes I start to get pins and needles, and this seems to be common among other adults I have spoken to. My 3 year old daughter on ...
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299 views

Why can thinking make a headache worse?

I sometimes get headaches where if I try and ignore them and continue with my work, they get so bad I feel sick and have to have a lie down until it passes. I've found that the best thing to do is ...
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Are aluminum profiles dangerous?

I am thinking about building racing rig from aluminium profiles. Something like this: Original image here: http://www.simracingmachines.com/images/builds/rig2014/IMG_1686s.jpg I would like to have ...