Questions tagged [kidney]

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32 views

What causes delirium in cases of kidney or liver failure?

Any person can become delirious when extremely ill or taking drugs that affect brain function (psychoactive drugs), but according to this site, organ failure can cause deliriums too: Overall, the ...
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51 views

What are the common causes of excess protein (1 g) in the urine for kidney donors?

I am looking for common causes in diet or lifestyle or other conditions such as hypertension, rather than malfunction in the active (single) kidney. Apart from medical management, what are some ...
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1answer
39 views

How can a ruptured ulcer all the way in the duodenum, cause kidney failure?

The famous Nobel Prize winning physicist is said to have died because "A ruptured duodenal ulcer caused kidney failure", leading to his death 12 days later. I understand that the kidney ...
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1answer
2k views

Eating egg shells: advantages v.s. disadvantages?

I am an engineer and a scientist, but not in the field of medicine or health. Partial answers/comments are welcome. Some of my family members start eating egg shells for the sake of obtaining ...
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1answer
38 views

Why is Polycystic Kidney Disease(PKD) so difficult to cure?

Description of Disease : An inherited disorder in which clusters of cysts develop in the kidneys. Common More than 1 million cases per year (India) Treatment can help but this condition can't ...
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1answer
54 views

Why do corticosteroids have few kidney-related side effects?

Prostaglandins are involved with promoting various renal functions. Therefore, NSAIDs, like indomethacin which inhibits protaglandin formation through COX enzyme inhibition, tend to have many side-...
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16 views

Effect of lemon juice on eGFR

Can lemon juice post workout affect my kidneys by reducing e-GFR? Is this publication correct? https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/m/pubmed/25440110/
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1answer
54 views

Urine glucose testing for diabetes control

A publication in the NCBI bookshelf called Type 2 diabetes: Measuring sugar levels in blood and urine yourself (IQWiG, 2010) it states that Having sugar in your urine is usually a sign of very high ...
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1answer
44 views

Why does kidney disease result in some things being filtered out but not others?

Why does kidney disease result in glucose and protein being excreted in urine, but creatinine staying in the blood? "If the filtration in the kidney is deficient, blood creatinine concentrations rise....
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33 views

Why/how are some drugs nephrotoxic?

I want to know the (more or less) exact mechanism by which specific nephrotoxic medications damage the kidneys. For some drugs it seems relatively intuitive that they interfere with the function of ...
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1answer
93 views

When would estimates of renal function based on serum and urine measurements differ as greatly as one being normal and the other suggesting CKD 3b?

Renal function (GFR or creatinine clearance) as estimated by serum creatinine and 24-hour urine collection should in theory closely correlate. However, I have run into a case where they differ ...
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16 views

What is the longest kidney-exchange cycle yet?

What is the longest kidney-exchange cycle yet? I.e. the longest cycle of simultaneous surgeries "donor1-recipient2-donor2-recipient3 ... donorXX-recipient1" I am preparing a lecture on the Roth-...
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288 views

Does an organ of a male donor work on a female patient?

Each cell of a human body contains 46 chromosomes. If so then each cell of a kidney should have a pair of sex chromosomes. How is it possible that a kidney of a female donor will work on male kidney ...
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1answer
20k views

What can cause foamy urine other than protein?

I have got foamy urine for half a year and I recently feel obvious pain and burp after urine. However, when I use a urine test stick to test my urine (sold here), everything goes fine (no protein, no ...
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1answer
85 views

Supersaturation vs Undersaturation of the Urine | Kidney Stones

A significant factor that determines if a crystal will develop into a kidney stone is the saturation of the urine with stone-forming salts. From my understanding, supersaturation leads to precipitates ...
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1answer
70 views

Examination: sonographic evaluation of abdomen and pelvis - report

Can someone explain the medical terms in this report of ultrasound investigation? Examination: sonographic evaluation of abdomen and pelvis Clinical complaint of right hypochondriac region ...
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19 views

Dystonic Reaction and acute kidney failure

Dystonic reactions seem to be a common reaction on a lot of the antipsychotic drugs. Also kidney failure. Are these issues related in any way?
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1answer
31 views

How can a significant increase in survival not be interpreted as a significant decrease in mortality?

Link to paper In this paper they explain in their results that they were unable to show a significant link between terlipressin and mortality, however, they were able to show a significant link ...
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1answer
181 views

Which one is more harmful for your kidneys, drinking more or less water?

Which is more harmful for your kidneys? Drinking more than enough water or having less than the minimum amount required?
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1answer
78 views

Why does caffeine raise your blood pressure when it's a diuretic?

Why does caffeine raise your blood pressure when it puts your kidneys into overdrive?
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1answer
56 views

To what degree does a Vitamin D course mitigate the effects of Primary Hyperparathyroidism?

Primary Hyperparathyroidism, often caused by a parathyroid gland having an adenoma on it, increases the release of the parathyroid hormone (PTH) in the body. This causes the excess release of calcium ...
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3answers
87 views

Blood in urine without seeing it…?

I came from my doctor and he did a urine sample and said there was blood in my urine. I've never seen "blood" in my urine or had any issues with my kidneys so I was perplexed by this. Is this ...
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1answer
72 views

Is salt bad for kidneys?

I heard from the street that salt is bad for kidneys. But I heard from others that all salt does is pick up blood pressure, which can cause damage to the kidneys. My question is if salt is bad for ...
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2answers
60 views

Is it safer to take Naproxen once a day or twice a day?

Given the choice of taking 500mg of Naproxen once a day, or 250mg of Naproxen twice a day (separated by ~12 hours), which is safer for the kidneys and liver?
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1answer
53 views

Does consuming Creatine harm the kidneys, or does it artificially elevate serum Creatinine?

How does taking the supplement Creatine affect the kidney? I took Creatine 30 mins before a blood test. I am curious if is it POSSIBLE that the test will be falsely elevated by measuring Creatine ...
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704 views

Is Adderall safe for someone who donated a kidney?

I donated my kidney many years ago to some random two year old. It was major surgery, but it did get me a month paid vacation on short term disability and was a great way to lose weight (stupid ...
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1answer
36 views

Quick way to determine if a medication is processed in the kidneys or liver?

What is a quick way to determine if a medication is processed in the kidneys or liver (or elsewhere)? For example, let's take a few common medications: acetaminophen, aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen....
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1answer
5k views

Is E. coli contagious?

I have a girl that I'm seeing. She was just in the hospital about 2 weeks ago with an internal E.coli infection in her kidney (she had the other kidney removed due to cancer). She has been given a ton ...
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107 views

Can sweet lime and orange cause kidney stone?

I eat two sweet lime or orange daily after lunch and dinner. I have been doing this since 3 years for 3-4 months during the season of these two fruits. As we know these fruits are acidic, is it ...
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1answer
80 views

Can I donate a kidney later and recieve one now?

The kidney voucher allows one to donate a kidney now and get a kidney coupon which they give to a friend or family member, which they can redeem for a kidney later. Is the reverse possible? Can I ...
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1answer
83 views

What does it mean for a medication to be “hard for the liver” or “hard on the kidneys”?

We often hear that a medication is "hard for the liver" or "hard on the kidneys". What does that really mean? What about when a person takes vitamin pills? Is that also hard on the liver or kidneys?...