Questions tagged [heart-disease]

Questions related to diseases involving the cardiovascular system - heart disease.

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What other function does PCSK9 have, other than LDL cholesterol control? [closed]

I am trying to understand if PCSK9 has other functions in the body, other than the one mentioned in the question title. I know it can be found in different tissues, but I can't find anything about ...
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1 vote
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Is the risk of cardiac arrest still superior, for unvaccinated people contracting Omicron, than for people receiving RNA vaccines?

According to this article, Vaccines linked to small heart inflammation Among those who had received the Pfizer vaccine, the researchers noted, the rate of myocarditis or myopericarditis was 1.4 cases ...
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Effect of LVEF on Phonocardiogram

According to this page LVEF higher than 70% or lower than 50% is not normal. I wonder if LVEF has any kind of effect on heart sound.
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Why doesn't the heart always pump at max speed? [closed]

I was thinking about artificial hearts, and how much of a problem it is to 'know' the right speed to beat at. Which made me wonder: what happens if your heart beats at max speed, when you are at rest? ...
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1 answer
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How does a prosthetic heart valve "burst"?

I have a friend who's father died suddenly, and the coroner described the cause as his prosthetic heart valve "bursting." Can someone illustrate in words what that means, and would heart ...
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1 vote
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What is the proper self-aid during a heart attack?

I've heard that using cough during heart attacks as an improvised CPR is a complete myth. (Important note disproving self-CPR: CPR shall not be performed on conscious people.) My question is what are ...
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3 votes
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Is it true that half of the COVID-19 patients, even seemingly without symptoms, obtain serious heart damage?

In this video, complex systems expert and physicist-turned-epidemiologist Yaneer Bar-Yam claims that according to recent findings, about half of the people that have been infected with COVID-19 will ...
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What does primary, secondary and safety outcome of a drug study mean?

I was reading a research article and came across this: We studied 55 outcomes of interest, including both effectiveness and safety endpoints. We divided effectiveness outcomes into three primary ...
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Myocardial Ischemic Contractile Failure & Potassium

From my understanding of myocardial ischemic contractile failure, ischemia causes increased extracellular K+ concentration due to the ATP-sensitive K+ channels opening (as they need ATP to stay closed)...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Heightened risk of bacterial endocarditis for receptive anal sex partners

TL;DR version: Is there any proof of correlation (or lack thereof) between receptive rectal intercourse and raised risks for bacterial endocarditis? [UPDATE] Does it hold even for protected sex, given ...
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Does taking cold showers put one in risk of a potentially fatal cold shock?

Taking cold showers is being recommended here and in many other places (Healthline, MedicalNewsToday, MSN to name just few) in the Internet. However, I've heard a strong contrary opinion from a ...
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How is choice made between coronary angioplasty and coronary artery bypass surgery

Coronary angioplasty (PTCA or PCI with stenting) and coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) are 2 main methods to treat severe symptomatic coronary artery disease. Former is done through tiny ...
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If high cholesterol does not cause as atherosclerosis? Then what does?

I frequently come up with articles about the topic such as this one https://www.nhs.uk/news/heart-and-lungs/study-says-theres-no-link-between-cholesterol-and-heart-disease/. Now, if there is no link ...
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Is Myocarditis infectious?

How can Myocarditis spread from a person who has it? Is touching a person who died of Myocarditis dangerous?
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5 votes
2 answers
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Is the number of push-ups a person can do a good risk estimate for heart attacks?

According to this article below, people who can do more than 40 push-ups have lower risk of heart attack. Is this a valid claim? https://www.sciencealert.com/what-new-science-says-about-men-who-can-...
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2 votes
1 answer
2k views

Difference between acyanotic and cyanotic

Recently I have been watching khan academy videos on acyanotic and cyanotic diseases. I know that acyanotic means not blue and cyanotic blue. Because I still can not understand the difference between ...
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1 answer
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Why is the crescendo-decrescendo systolic murmur best heard at the cardiac base?

I'm writing a paper and came across a very specific question about heart sounds. Why is the crescendo-decrescendo systolic murmur best heard at the cardiac base? and why does it radiate to carotids? ...
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7 votes
3 answers
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What is the difference between Eisenmenger syndrome and ventricular septal defect?

What is the difference between Eisenmenger syndrome and ventricular septal defect? They are both related to a hole between the two ventricles, right?
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What do these various descriptions mean in a dobutamine stress echocardiogam report?

Evidence of inferior/posterior infarction or hibernation Preserved LVEF Basal posterior segment is akinetic Basal and mid inferior segments are hypokinetic Preserved systolic function No pericardial ...
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Beyond correlation, why is Frank's sign significant or not?

The Wikipedia lists Frank's sign as Frank's sign is a diagonal crease in the ear lobe extending from the tragus across the lobule to the rear edge of the auricle. The sign is named after Sanders T. ...
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Fibrin production from joint damage promotes arterial blockages?

Can increased fibrin production from joint damage promote vascular disease such as arterial blockages, particularly where obesity or markedly increased weight causes knee, hip, ankle, and spine damage?...
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2 votes
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When to phlebotomize in Eisenmenger syndrome?

Secondary erythrocytosis occurs in Eisenmenger syndrome as opposed to polycythaemia. Haemoglobin levels can be quite high and levels such as 22 g/L are common. Phlebotomy is commonly used to treat ...
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1 vote
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Are eggs good for heart health or bad? [duplicate]

I am finding two completely contradicting posts while googling regarding health risks to the heart for excess consumption of eggs: https://www.health.harvard.edu/heart-health/are-eggs-risky-for-heart-...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Would it be fair to say heart disease, diabetes (II), and Alzheimer's disease are all the same health issue expressed different ways?

Heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and I believe Alzheimer's as well, seem to all be the result of the body's plumbing being clogged up by fat and cholesterol deposits. Exercise, a diet low in artificial ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Eggs & heart health?

How does egg consumption impact atherosclerosis/cardiovascular disease risk? I'd especially welcome experimental studies.
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6 votes
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Acetaminophen after a heart attack [closed]

My grandmother was prescribed Dolo 325 (acetaminophen or paracetamol) after she had an episode of a silent heart attack. The dose is to be taken twice daily. Can anyone explain how this treatment ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Defibrillator from China

I would like to have defibrillator in my summerhouse, but I found that it cost a lot (1000USD) and it is overpraised since it contains almost nothing inside. I decided to look for one in China online ...
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3 votes
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What is the most advanced non-invasive technology these days for identifying clogged arteries?

What is the most advanced non-invasive technology these days for identifying clogged arteries?
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How does longhorn beef compare to other meats wrt a heart-healthy diet?

This ranch's marketing blurb at http://www.gentzlonghornbeef.com/nutrition_facts compares longhorn beef to other animal protein sources. I'm specifically interested in how the fat breaks down into ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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Why is there not enough research on heart stent and exercise?

I am a 69 years old man who has been jogging and running many marathons all my life. I can't pick my genes so i had a blockage in my heart artery which lead to placement of a stent last year in spite ...
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2 votes
1 answer
258 views

Afterload during Cardiac failure?

So one of the clinical signs of Cardiac insufficiency is a low blood pressure, and to treat cardiac insufficiency we try to decrease the Afterload. what I don't get is that the Afterload is defined as ...
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1 vote
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Diagnose angina (chest pain) by taking Nitroglycerin

Since nitroglycerin relieves the symptoms of angina (chest tightness, heavy feeling), why not to diagnose angina with Nitroglycerin? If the pain goes away upon taking Nitroglycerin then you have ...
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1 answer
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Why is this clinical difference between central and peripheral hemoglobincyanosis?

While in central cyanosis we see cyanotic mucosae, we have in peripheral cyanosis a cyanotic peripheral. In central cyanosis we have a oxygenation problem and in peripheral cyanosis a low perfusion. ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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How is myocarditis diagnosed?

How is inflammation of the hearth muscle (myocarditis) diagnosed? What are typical symptoms? What is it commonly mixed up with? How do you differentiate reliably?
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3 votes
1 answer
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Can pectus excavatum increase the risk of cardio vascular disease?

With Pectus Excavatum the sternum is sunken inwards pushing organs slightly out of their normal position. My question is could this repositioning put additional pressure on the heart over time leading ...
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4 votes
2 answers
263 views

What is the best cooking oil for a person with ischemic heart disease?

My grandmother has atherosclerosis and suffers from cardiovascular disease (ischemic heart disease and cerebrovascular disease). The doctor recommended her not to eat butter or ghee. Which type of ...
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1 vote
2 answers
132 views

If you are told you're going to have a heart attack in one month, what can you do now to prevent it?

If an unhealthy individual were given this news, could they make enough life style changes in a single month to prevent an impending heart attack without medical intervention? What would be the first ...
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2 votes
2 answers
783 views

Why would one Carotid Artery be blocked but not the other

Why would one Carotid Artery be blocked but not the other. I know someone who has a 50% blockage on the left side, but minimal on the other ... why would this be?
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1 vote
0 answers
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Sudden and sharp chest pains [closed]

Since three or four years ago, I started feeling sudden chest pains around once or twice a month. These pains can be relieved when I stretch my ribs left and right that can remove the pain. Am I ...
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3 votes
2 answers
140 views

Does sleeping in daytime actually kill?

My dad takes naps at daytime frequently. He asked me recently if sleeping at daytime actually kill you, since he had been reading medical articles that claim that taking naps increases chance of ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Do all very old people have heart failure?

A 95 year old will probably not be able to do hard exercise, such as running fast for one hour per day. The heart of such a person won't have the capacity to pump the required amount of blood through ...
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3 votes
3 answers
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How serious is the risk of second hand smoke?

I am a non-smoker but enjoy going to a smoke filled casino near me for about 4 hours once a week. I take breaks to go outside for a few minutes throughout. How much risk (heart disease, lung cancer, ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Assessing the risk of heart attacks and similar conditions

What all factors predispose to risk of vascular plaque formation (atherosclerosis) which may lead to heart attack, unstable angina, need for coronary bypass surgery or angioplasty, heart failure, ...
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2 votes
2 answers
287 views

When is angiography needed in stable angina patients?

Under which conditions is angiography needed in patients who have 'stable angina')? In other words, what are the 'indications' of angiography in such patients? The angiography is done with a view to ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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EECP (Enhanced External Counterpulsation) therapy v/s Angioplasty and Bypass surgery

I have read some article about EECP (Enhanced External Counterpulsation) therapy for the treatment of angina and some doctors even saying that it must be suggested as the first option and others doesn'...
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3 votes
0 answers
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What natural supplements exist to lower LDL cholesterol and raise HDL cholesterol?

The doctor told me to use Niacin or Red Yeast to reduce cholesterol. Examine.com, which seems to be pretty legit, seems to support using Garlic as a natural alternative. What supplements exist with ...
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4 votes
0 answers
52 views

Is it worth testing regularly for oxidative stress?

I have read that oxidative stress is associated with neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular disease, ageing, cancer, and diabetes. Popular health 'buzz' would suggest consuming antioxidant ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Is the heart disease risk arising from salt mediated entirely by blood pressure?

High salt intake appears to be well-established as a risk-factor for cardiovascular disease, usually cited as being due to its effect of increasing your blood pressure. I want to know if that's the ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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Max heart rate questions

Max Heart Rate How accurate really is the 220 -minus my age = max heart rate formula? I don't even come close no matter what I do. My max should be 187. Most blogs say I'm just not exercising hard ...
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9 votes
1 answer
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What heart conditions cause dizziness after/during exercise?

Lots of stuff causes dizziness after/during exercise. But if you Google "dizziness after exercise" you'll get 10,000 articles and lame blogs that are basically just copies of one another that all ...
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