Questions tagged [cardiology]

the branch of medicine that deals with diseases and abnormalities of the heart.

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3 votes
1 answer
98 views

How does a cardiopulmonary bypass machine continue circulation without cutting off circulation to the pulmonary veins and artery?

So, my first stop in trying to answer this question was on Johns Hopkins website, but they are way too vague about the procedure, especially the use of a cardiopulmonary bypass machine. The only ...
1 vote
0 answers
42 views

EKG reading question [closed]

Can someone tell me what "ETRSR1-RSR' in V1 or V2, right VCD or RVH-QRS area positive & R' V1/V2 " means? In other comments it also said "otherwise normal EKG"
0 votes
0 answers
21 views

What happens to cations after depolarization/repolarization in cardiac muscle?

In the depolarization/repolarization of the cardiac cell cations such as sodium, calcium, and potassium flow in and out of the cell creating an action potential. My question is what happens to these ...
1 vote
0 answers
142 views

Effect of wearing face masks on results of cardiac stress test?

In a simple cardiac stress test the subject is challenged on an inclining treadmill while being monitored visually and via EKG and a blood pressure cuff. This (or any) exercise requires breathing much ...
1 vote
0 answers
20 views

Cardiac events/Myocardial infarction from 1 clinic or 1 large city daily data

Requesting help in finding a DAILY data about cardiac events/myocardial infarction from 1 clinic or 1 large city, i.e. day by day number of events for at least a month. It is very easy to find this ...
7 votes
2 answers
229 views

Why do we continue compressions after the first AED shock?

I just took a CPR course and was instructed to perform 5 cycles of compressions after an AED shock (after which you wait for the AED to do another analysis). My question is: if the shock was ...
0 votes
0 answers
49 views

Cardiopulmonary capacity assessment

Is it possible to determine someone's cardiopulmonary capacity from organ/tissue/blood samples alone? No other clues allowed. Think about a non cooperative patient, who can lie in an anamnesis, or ...
0 votes
0 answers
14 views

What is the best diagnotic technique to detect inflammatory heart diseases (ECG and Echocardiography vs NMR)?

I was wondering what is the best diagnostic technique to detect inflammatory disease of heart and I would like to confirm if my reasoning is right. First of all, heart inflammation can cause abnormal ...
4 votes
1 answer
757 views

Why does breathing stop during cardiac arrest?

I've been reading about resuscitation, and found several suggestions that people don't continue breathing after effective heart function stops because the diaphragm quickly runs out of oxygen. Is ...
6 votes
0 answers
229 views

How likely is a person to develop permanent health issues if he/she is sensitive to and continuously exposed to marijuana fumes? [closed]

I'm a 29 year old male, I live in an apartment, and the tenant above me is smoking a lot of marijuana every day and has been doing so for the last three months**. The fumes are entering my apartment ...
0 votes
1 answer
42 views

Phases of cardiac cycle

what is the correct sequence for cardiac cycle Sequence 1: a. Atrial systole b. Ventricular systole c. Combined diastole Sequence2 a. Atrial systole/Ventricular diastole b. Ventricular systole/atrial ...
1 vote
1 answer
245 views

Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range [closed]

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2674146/ I found some papers suggesting AMDR is not the optimum and it is too high on carbohydrates in particular. Is it generally safe to undergo a 27....
3 votes
1 answer
270 views

How does a prosthetic heart valve "burst"?

I have a friend who's father died suddenly, and the coroner described the cause as his prosthetic heart valve "bursting." Can someone illustrate in words what that means, and would heart ...
1 vote
1 answer
44 views

How do I measure my resting heart rate?

I measured my sitting down, relaxed, not moving heart rate, which is around 65-80BPM. If I do the same measurement laying down, it's anywhere from 50-65BPM. While asleep, it dips into the 40s. The ...
1 vote
0 answers
12 views

Why in Brockenbrough-Braunwald-Morrow there is a paradoxical decrease in arterial pulse pressure?

The article here tells that in HCM due to ventricular premature contraction there is enough time for dilatation of ventricular filling which increases end diastolic volume thereby increasing ...
5 votes
1 answer
52 views

Bradyarrhythmia & Bradycardia- same or different?

Do Bradyarrhythmia & Bradycardia denote same abnormality or are there some finer differences between the two?? In text provided by my college, it appears bradycardia condition comes under the ...
2 votes
0 answers
98 views

Bulbus aortae is a part of aortic root, then where are the two measurements taken?

I would like to clarify my understanding because anatomy atlases do not provide me an explanation. As far as I know, the aortic bulbus is a part (the widest, the sinuses of Valsalva) of the aortic ...
0 votes
0 answers
13 views

Why does LDH-1 peak later than CK-MB in acute myocardial infarction?

As a marker of AMI, different enzymes are used. Creatine Kinase-MB peaks within 24 hrs and returns to normal relatively quickly. Where as LDH-1 peak appears later (~72 hrs) and stays high for a week. ...
-1 votes
1 answer
52 views

Could an increase in heart strength result in an increase in systolic blood pressure? [closed]

If someone begins intense cardio training and develops their heart muscle, it seems to me that the increase in volume of blood that the heart can pump with every beat might manifest as a higher ...
1 vote
1 answer
202 views

What does primary, secondary and safety outcome of a drug study mean?

I was reading a research article and came across this: We studied 55 outcomes of interest, including both effectiveness and safety endpoints. We divided effectiveness outcomes into three primary ...
2 votes
0 answers
27 views

Why can't JVP be measured in a standing or supine position?

While carrying out the jugular venous pressure (JVP) examination, the patient is kept at a 45 degree angle with respect to the ground. Why can't it be measured in a standing or supine position?
1 vote
1 answer
52 views

Can I calculate the blood pressure and pulse based on a given blood loss

Is there a function, graph, guideline or rule where I can see how a change in blood volume changes other relevant values? E. g. for every 1% of blood volume lost, heart rate rises 2 beats per minute, ...
6 votes
1 answer
94 views

What would happen if you administered endothelin during a myocardial infarction?

I have been going through the Rhodes medical physiology and have learned about Endothelin (specifically its role in hyperplasia) and collateral vessels in slowly developed [cardiovascular disease] (...
1 vote
0 answers
20 views

How to differentiate Split S2 from Mitral valve prolapse murmur?

If history is not available or doesn't gives a clue about the pathology, is it still possible to tell whether it is MVP or Split S2 due to pulmonary valve problems? Both split S2 and MVP's murmur( the ...
2 votes
1 answer
179 views

What heart condition(s) cause tingling and lightheadedness that are NOT caught by an ECG?

Please note: A lot of things cause tingling in the face + extremities ("neuropathy") as well as lightheadedness, but in this question, I'm only interested in potential heart conditions, or anything ...
3 votes
1 answer
624 views

Why do semilunar valves not need tendinae but atrioventricular valves do?

Inside the heart the atrioventricular valves (AV) have chordae tendineae to prevent the backflow of blood into the atrium when the ventricle contracts. Since the AV and semilunar valves are ...
0 votes
1 answer
32 views

What does NKX2-5 do?

Where is the gene 'NKX2-5' located and what is its function? How is it relevant to developmental disorders?
5 votes
2 answers
639 views

Does COVID-19 cause myocardial infarctions?

I heard that NYC hospitals are seeing an increased cases of myocardial infarction with higher mortality than normal during this COVID-19 pandemic. What the connection is between COVID-19 and ...
4 votes
0 answers
84 views

40 y/o woman admitted with ARDS but normal values

Second year medical student asking: A 40 year old woman is admitted to the ICU with acute respiratory distress syndrome due to a life threatening case of pneumonia. Her respiratory values are as ...
2 votes
0 answers
73 views

Should people with tachycardia avoid choline supplements?

After doing some brief research online it appears choline can have an effect on the electrical system of the heart, there are several medical papers online that discuss this topic, however I'm not ...
1 vote
2 answers
42 views

Can aortic stenosis lead to arrhythmia?

As I understand, Aortic stenosis restricts the blood flow from the left ventricle to the aorta, this restriction should cause a disruption in the pumping of blood. That would cause the heart to beat ...
5 votes
1 answer
110 views

Is it possible to calculating HRV from heart rate alone?

I don't have ECG graphs and R-R peaks, but I need to calculate the HRV(heart rate variability). Is it possible to calculate this from the heart rate alone? How reliable would that be?
3 votes
1 answer
88 views

When a person is seriously injured, what's the point of CPR?

I have taken CPR training and I have a question about it. Sometimes one reads in the newspaper about a person injured in a car crash or anything tried CPR in vain. I'm asking when a person is ...
1 vote
0 answers
26 views

Beginner runner/jogger heart rate question [closed]

I am an it guy 220 lbs 6ft1 35 years old. With chest strap measurement my maximum heart rate is around 192 bpm. (Did warmup and 3 minutes thread mill intervals to measure) For a long period of time, ...
1 vote
1 answer
112 views

Do cardiologists learn nutrition as part of their expertise in Cardiology?

Almost all physicians I recognized as suggesting medicinal nutrition either as direct therapy, preventive medicine and via "popular medicine" as with books and articles, were Cardiologists; to a ...
1 vote
0 answers
10 views

Why do changes in Effective Refractory Period in Response to Antiarrhytmics occur and how do they help in treating the arrhythmia?

I am having trouble understanding two related concepts. First, why changes in ERP occur when there is the administration of certain antiarrhythmics (eg: Class IC). A neat explanation that I have ...
1 vote
0 answers
22 views

Difference in heart muscle tissue growth (cardio vs low-rep intense weight lifting)

Below is a quote from a subreddit that says: I haven't kept up on the research, but the last thing I read back in college looked at weight lifters and long distance runners. Both types had larger ...
1 vote
1 answer
25 views

What is the functional difference between cardio-pulmonary and the baroreceptors in the regulation of Blood pressure?

Guyton mentions two types of receptor- the baroreceptors and the cardiopulmonary receptors- that are involved in the maintenance of the acute changes in blood pressure. I just wanted to know how these ...
9 votes
1 answer
161 views

What is the effect of energy drinks on the heart?

I was watching a Youtube video of a man who supposedly drank 20 energy drinks in a row. It appears that his heart enlarged greatly. Is this something that energy drinks could actually do?
3 votes
1 answer
63 views

What causes a notch in the atrial pressure?

I wanted to know why there is a sort of fluctuation in "E" in the tracing of the atrial pressure right before the mitral valve opens (not the notch because of the Aortic valve closure). Source for ...
7 votes
3 answers
1k views

What is the difference between Eisenmenger syndrome and ventricular septal defect?

What is the difference between Eisenmenger syndrome and ventricular septal defect? They are both related to a hole between the two ventricles, right?
2 votes
1 answer
454 views

Why patient has to be awake during cardiac catheterization? [closed]

Why couldn't the physicians put the patient under during the procedure?
1 vote
1 answer
72 views

Heart Sound Samples

Does anybody have helpful sources/links that are basically recordings and playbacks of heart sounds (normal/ abnormal/ etc.) that I could just listen to while in my spare time? I am looking for ...
3 votes
1 answer
190 views

Ventricular diastolic pressure?

So, I have been wondering and couldn't find texts explaining this, but why is the diastolic volume of the circulation ~80, while that of the ventricles is almost 0. To phrase it another way, why does ...
3 votes
1 answer
103 views

Eggs & heart health?

How does egg consumption impact atherosclerosis/cardiovascular disease risk? I'd especially welcome experimental studies.
2 votes
2 answers
73 views

Are defibrillator leads actually clashed against each other?

In movies or television, the doctor gets giant heavy clothing iron sized leads. Clashes them together and uses them on the patient that has a flat lined heart and after doing it 1 times per second ...
8 votes
2 answers
34k views

What does "sinus rhythm otherwise normal ECG" mean?

I just recently made an ECG to be able to participate in a study and I am curious what "sinus rhythm otherwise normal ECG" means. Is my sinus rhythm out of order? A doctor will be checking my ECG and ...
3 votes
0 answers
39 views

How to assess the risk of "cardiac event" for a healthy runner? [closed]

It appears to be dreadfully not uncommon that seemingly healthy people suddenly die of "cardiac events" when doing physical exercises. Here is just another sad example: a healthy and regularly running ...
4 votes
1 answer
936 views

Why is the crescendo-decrescendo systolic murmur best heard at the cardiac base?

I'm writing a paper and came across a very specific question about heart sounds. Why is the crescendo-decrescendo systolic murmur best heard at the cardiac base? and why does it radiate to carotids? ...
0 votes
1 answer
65 views

Is there any intelligence in heart? [closed]

Is it correct to say that heart and brain both are center of intellect ? Has there been any scientific study done to prove that like Brain, Heart also has intelligence and there are heart-signals ...