Questions tagged [cardiology]

the branch of medicine that deals with diseases and abnormalities of the heart.

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Drinking and heart health [closed]

If a 21 year old man has : High blood pressure. Coronary artery atherosclerosis on the first stage stopped smoking cigarettes 9 months ago. Reguraly doing cardio and daily physically activity. takes ...
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EKG reading question [closed]

Can someone tell me what "ETRSR1-RSR' in V1 or V2, right VCD or RVH-QRS area positive & R' V1/V2 " means? In other comments it also said "otherwise normal EKG"
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What happens to cations after depolarization/repolarization in cardiac muscle?

In the depolarization/repolarization of the cardiac cell cations such as sodium, calcium, and potassium flow in and out of the cell creating an action potential. My question is what happens to these ...
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Effect of wearing face masks on results of cardiac stress test?

In a simple cardiac stress test the subject is challenged on an inclining treadmill while being monitored visually and via EKG and a blood pressure cuff. This (or any) exercise requires breathing much ...
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Cardiac events/Myocardial infarction from 1 clinic or 1 large city daily data

Requesting help in finding a DAILY data about cardiac events/myocardial infarction from 1 clinic or 1 large city, i.e. day by day number of events for at least a month. It is very easy to find this ...
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Cardiopulmonary capacity assessment

Is it possible to determine someone's cardiopulmonary capacity from organ/tissue/blood samples alone? No other clues allowed. Think about a non cooperative patient, who can lie in an anamnesis, or ...
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What is the best diagnotic technique to detect inflammatory heart diseases (ECG and Echocardiography vs NMR)?

I was wondering what is the best diagnostic technique to detect inflammatory disease of heart and I would like to confirm if my reasoning is right. First of all, heart inflammation can cause abnormal ...
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1 answer
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Phases of cardiac cycle

what is the correct sequence for cardiac cycle Sequence 1: a. Atrial systole b. Ventricular systole c. Combined diastole Sequence2 a. Atrial systole/Ventricular diastole b. Ventricular systole/atrial ...
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3 votes
1 answer
268 views

How does a prosthetic heart valve "burst"?

I have a friend who's father died suddenly, and the coroner described the cause as his prosthetic heart valve "bursting." Can someone illustrate in words what that means, and would heart ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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How do I measure my resting heart rate?

I measured my sitting down, relaxed, not moving heart rate, which is around 65-80BPM. If I do the same measurement laying down, it's anywhere from 50-65BPM. While asleep, it dips into the 40s. The ...
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1 vote
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Why in Brockenbrough-Braunwald-Morrow there is a paradoxical decrease in arterial pulse pressure?

The article here tells that in HCM due to ventricular premature contraction there is enough time for dilatation of ventricular filling which increases end diastolic volume thereby increasing ...
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Bradyarrhythmia & Bradycardia- same or different?

Do Bradyarrhythmia & Bradycardia denote same abnormality or are there some finer differences between the two?? In text provided by my college, it appears bradycardia condition comes under the ...
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Why does LDH-1 peak later than CK-MB in acute myocardial infarction?

As a marker of AMI, different enzymes are used. Creatine Kinase-MB peaks within 24 hrs and returns to normal relatively quickly. Where as LDH-1 peak appears later (~72 hrs) and stays high for a week. ...
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Bulbus aortae is a part of aortic root, then where are the two measurements taken?

I would like to clarify my understanding because anatomy atlases do not provide me an explanation. As far as I know, the aortic bulbus is a part (the widest, the sinuses of Valsalva) of the aortic ...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Could an increase in heart strength result in an increase in systolic blood pressure? [closed]

If someone begins intense cardio training and develops their heart muscle, it seems to me that the increase in volume of blood that the heart can pump with every beat might manifest as a higher ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What does primary, secondary and safety outcome of a drug study mean?

I was reading a research article and came across this: We studied 55 outcomes of interest, including both effectiveness and safety endpoints. We divided effectiveness outcomes into three primary ...
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Why can't JVP be measured in a standing or supine position?

While carrying out the jugular venous pressure (JVP) examination, the patient is kept at a 45 degree angle with respect to the ground. Why can't it be measured in a standing or supine position?
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How to differentiate Split S2 from Mitral valve prolapse murmur?

If history is not available or doesn't gives a clue about the pathology, is it still possible to tell whether it is MVP or Split S2 due to pulmonary valve problems? Both split S2 and MVP's murmur( the ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Can I calculate the blood pressure and pulse based on a given blood loss

Is there a function, graph, guideline or rule where I can see how a change in blood volume changes other relevant values? E. g. for every 1% of blood volume lost, heart rate rises 2 beats per minute, ...
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1 answer
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What does NKX2-5 do?

Where is the gene 'NKX2-5' located and what is its function? How is it relevant to developmental disorders?
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3 votes
1 answer
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Why do semilunar valves not need tendinae but atrioventricular valves do?

Inside the heart the atrioventricular valves (AV) have chordae tendineae to prevent the backflow of blood into the atrium when the ventricle contracts. Since the AV and semilunar valves are ...
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Should people with tachycardia avoid choline supplements?

After doing some brief research online it appears choline can have an effect on the electrical system of the heart, there are several medical papers online that discuss this topic, however I'm not ...
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5 votes
2 answers
638 views

Does COVID-19 cause myocardial infarctions?

I heard that NYC hospitals are seeing an increased cases of myocardial infarction with higher mortality than normal during this COVID-19 pandemic. What the connection is between COVID-19 and ...
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2 answers
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Can aortic stenosis lead to arrhythmia?

As I understand, Aortic stenosis restricts the blood flow from the left ventricle to the aorta, this restriction should cause a disruption in the pumping of blood. That would cause the heart to beat ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Beginner runner/jogger heart rate question [closed]

I am an it guy 220 lbs 6ft1 35 years old. With chest strap measurement my maximum heart rate is around 192 bpm. (Did warmup and 3 minutes thread mill intervals to measure) For a long period of time, ...
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1 vote
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Why do changes in Effective Refractory Period in Response to Antiarrhytmics occur and how do they help in treating the arrhythmia?

I am having trouble understanding two related concepts. First, why changes in ERP occur when there is the administration of certain antiarrhythmics (eg: Class IC). A neat explanation that I have ...
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Difference in heart muscle tissue growth (cardio vs low-rep intense weight lifting)

Below is a quote from a subreddit that says: I haven't kept up on the research, but the last thing I read back in college looked at weight lifters and long distance runners. Both types had larger ...
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1 answer
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What is the functional difference between cardio-pulmonary and the baroreceptors in the regulation of Blood pressure?

Guyton mentions two types of receptor- the baroreceptors and the cardiopulmonary receptors- that are involved in the maintenance of the acute changes in blood pressure. I just wanted to know how these ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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What causes a notch in the atrial pressure?

I wanted to know why there is a sort of fluctuation in "E" in the tracing of the atrial pressure right before the mitral valve opens (not the notch because of the Aortic valve closure). Source for ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Heart Sound Samples

Does anybody have helpful sources/links that are basically recordings and playbacks of heart sounds (normal/ abnormal/ etc.) that I could just listen to while in my spare time? I am looking for ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Do cardiologists learn nutrition as part of their expertise in Cardiology?

Almost all physicians I recognized as suggesting medicinal nutrition either as direct therapy, preventive medicine and via "popular medicine" as with books and articles, were Cardiologists; to a ...
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3 votes
1 answer
186 views

Ventricular diastolic pressure?

So, I have been wondering and couldn't find texts explaining this, but why is the diastolic volume of the circulation ~80, while that of the ventricles is almost 0. To phrase it another way, why does ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Are defibrillator leads actually clashed against each other?

In movies or television, the doctor gets giant heavy clothing iron sized leads. Clashes them together and uses them on the patient that has a flat lined heart and after doing it 1 times per second ...
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1 vote
1 answer
241 views

Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Range [closed]

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2674146/ I found some papers suggesting AMDR is not the optimum and it is too high on carbohydrates in particular. Is it generally safe to undergo a 27....
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3 votes
0 answers
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How to assess the risk of "cardiac event" for a healthy runner? [closed]

It appears to be dreadfully not uncommon that seemingly healthy people suddenly die of "cardiac events" when doing physical exercises. Here is just another sad example: a healthy and regularly running ...
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4 votes
1 answer
890 views

Why is the crescendo-decrescendo systolic murmur best heard at the cardiac base?

I'm writing a paper and came across a very specific question about heart sounds. Why is the crescendo-decrescendo systolic murmur best heard at the cardiac base? and why does it radiate to carotids? ...
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7 votes
3 answers
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What is the difference between Eisenmenger syndrome and ventricular septal defect?

What is the difference between Eisenmenger syndrome and ventricular septal defect? They are both related to a hole between the two ventricles, right?
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1 answer
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Is there any intelligence in heart? [closed]

Is it correct to say that heart and brain both are center of intellect ? Has there been any scientific study done to prove that like Brain, Heart also has intelligence and there are heart-signals ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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When a person is seriously injured, what's the point of CPR?

I have taken CPR training and I have a question about it. Sometimes one reads in the newspaper about a person injured in a car crash or anything tried CPR in vain. I'm asking when a person is ...
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1 vote
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Consistently high WBC, normal CRP in a post-cardiac arrest patient

A patient had an elective coronary angioplasty which showed 80% blocked LAD. A stent was placed. She was stable and sent home. The next day she felt unwell and collapsed with LOC for a few seconds. ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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What's the difference between a fast heart rate during exercise, and a fast heart rate during an anxiety attack?

I'm curious to know what the difference is between having a fast heart rate during exercise and having a fast heart rate say at rest or during an anxiety attack. It's known that exercise is good for ...
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-3 votes
1 answer
176 views

Is there a drug being developed for heart palpitations without arrhythmia? [closed]

Is there a drug being developed for palpitations without arrhythmia?
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7 votes
2 answers
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Why do we continue compressions after the first AED shock?

I just took a CPR course and was instructed to perform 5 cycles of compressions after an AED shock (after which you wait for the AED to do another analysis). My question is: if the shock was ...
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1 vote
0 answers
70 views

Big difference between waking and resting heart rate

I recently got an Apple Watch and am using the HeartWatch app. I'm concerned because my sedentary heart rate is pretty high - it's about 85 bpm with frequent spikes to 100, but my waking heart rate is ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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adequate exposure of the surgical field

What is meant by "adequate exposure of the surgical field" is this sentence: During cardiac surgery, it is necessary to aspirate blood from the cardiac chambers to provide adequate exposure of the ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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What really happens to the heart during cardiac arrest and why is an AED useful?

I'm interested in studying medicine in the future and this question is really bothering me. So most sources would say that Cardiac Arrest occurs when the heart 'stops functioning normally' and hence ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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Hard water and cardiovascular problems

Wikipedia cites one 1970 study by Voors claiming that drinking hard water lessens the odds of dying from atherosclerosis. The stud itself even makes some bolder claims stratified by race, namely that ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Eggs & heart health?

How does egg consumption impact atherosclerosis/cardiovascular disease risk? I'd especially welcome experimental studies.
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2 votes
1 answer
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Why patient has to be awake during cardiac catheterization? [closed]

Why couldn't the physicians put the patient under during the procedure?
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1 vote
2 answers
197 views

Correlation between blood pressure and cardiac output in the elderly

Why does blood pressure have little correlation with cardiac output in the elderly? (Source ATLS student course manual)
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