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Questions tagged [antibiotics]

A class of drugs used to treat bacterial infections. They function by inhibiting the growth of, or by killing bacteria.

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9 votes
2 answers
3k views

why has teixobactin not reached clinical use in humans yet?

Background: A new antibiotic, teixobactin, was discovered in 2015 in a screen of uncultured bacteria (using ichip, an isolation chip composed of several hundred miniature diffusion chambers, each ...
0 votes
0 answers
41 views

What is the clinical significance of showing the antimicrobial resistance profile of isolates of a certain bacterial species?

These examples are results from the first three pages of this search in google: site:https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/ "antimicrobial resistance pattern" (Jan 1, 2018 – Today)(I ignored ...
0 votes
1 answer
2k views

Can you take moxifloxacin and doxycycline at the same time?

For antibiotic resistant bacteria that is handled by two rounds of antibiotics, why are the two prescribed sequentially rather than at the same time?
3 votes
0 answers
69 views

Why are beta-lactam antibiotics the most common drug allergens?

β-Lactam antibiotics: the most common allergens among drugs. Allergic reactions caused by β-lactam antibiotics bind to their chemical structure. The source of haptens is an unstable β-lactam ring to ...
0 votes
1 answer
41 views

If antibiotics/paracetamol are relieving a patient's symptoms then can we establish that the root cause of symptoms is some sort of infection?

I don't think I can expand on the title without diving into my personal symptoms which I believe are against the rules of this stack-exchange. Nevertheless, even a general answer should be helpful ...
0 votes
0 answers
37 views

Can the presence of Extended Spectrum β-Lactamases affects the action of AmpC beta-lactamases?

Double disk synergy test (DDST): This method uses the cephalosporin discs and clavulanic disc alone. The principle is applying the cephalosporin discs next to the clavulanic disc with a distance of ...
3 votes
1 answer
137 views

Why is erythromycin eye ointment required for newborns even if the mother doesn't have any STDs?

Erythromycin eye ointment is used on newborns shortly after birth to prevent chlamydial or gonorrheal infection in the baby's eyes. In many states, this is required by law regardless of whether the ...
1 vote
0 answers
28 views

How does the duration of antibiotic course impact gut flora?

It is well-known that antibiotic use reduces the diversity of natural gut flora. Have there been any studies that look into how the magnitude of this effect may differ between longer and shorter ...
1 vote
1 answer
82 views

APC cells - autoreactivity [closed]

How can APC cells become autoreactiv against own antigens if they only have PRR as recognition complexes - and are not under central/peripheral immune tolerance?
4 votes
0 answers
19 views

Physiologic basis behind increased survival with double coverage for community acquired pneumonia

Double coverage (generally cephalosporin + macrolide) is currently the recommended treatment for patients hospitalised with community acquired pneumonia (CAP) [1]. This seems mainly to be due to ...
1 vote
0 answers
108 views

Why is the antibiotic Sulfamethoxazole on its own is considered bacteriostatic and in combination with Trimethoprim it is considered bactericidal?

I am reading about sulfonamides and I see that Sulfamethoxazole is considered to be bacteriostatic on its own, but when combined with Trimethoprim, the combination is considered bactericidal, and I am ...
11 votes
1 answer
463 views

How does a MRSA test work?

Let's assume we have a patient with acute infection. The doctor suspects MRSA. A culture is taken, brought to the lab, and then what? I'm interested to hear what are the usual steps a laboratory ...
2 votes
2 answers
59 views

Does "gram negative" generally indicate highly antibiotics resistant bacteria strains?

I must admit that I am an absolute medical layman, trying to keep myself informed at best though. Today I had a consultation at my dermatologist about a bad healing wound I have, to talk about the ...
1 vote
0 answers
33 views

Tick bite treatment. Doxycycline intake suspended after 3 days only. If substituted by Bactrim, is there a risk to develop bacteria resistant?

A patient was bitten by a tick and carried the tick on his skin for 5/6 days (which got engorged at the end). Then the tick dropped spontaneously. He has been prescribed a preventive antibiotic course ...
9 votes
2 answers
144 views

Effect of antibiotics on breastfed infant

My 9-month old son has been diagnosed with mild bronchiolitis and prescribed 5 days of Azithromycin (not so much to cure a virus-induced bronchiolitis, but in order to prevent possible pneumonia). ...
26 votes
2 answers
23k views

Why should I avoid milk when on antibiotics?

I'm taking antibiotics (specifically, amoxicillin clavulanate) to fight off an ear infection. As she prescribed my antibiotics, my doctor told me not to eat milk products for a few days, then only eat ...
2 votes
1 answer
62 views

Are antibiotics the only class of drugs whose effectiveness reduces over time?

The phenomenon of antibiotic resistance is well known: an antibiotic is effective when first introduced to the market, but over the years, its effectiveness decreases as resistant strains of bacteria ...
3 votes
1 answer
299 views

Why can chronic prostatitis not be cured simply with antibiotics?

Acute bacterial prostatitis can be cured with antibiotics while chronic prostatitis cannot be cured by antibiotics. Why is this the case?
1 vote
1 answer
293 views

How was penicillin discovered, and was the use of it immediately realised? [closed]

I am interested in exactly how penicillin was discovered, and did they realise what it does immediately? I would also like to know how quickly it became a prescribed treatment, and which country ...
2 votes
1 answer
158 views

Why bother prescribing oral antibiotics for acne, when C. acnes can't all be killed and will regrow?

After topical antibiotics and/or retinoid and/or benzoyl peroxide, dermatologists commonly prescribe oral antibiotics, but why? Presume that the patient dutifully consumes the full prescribed course ...
6 votes
2 answers
138 views

No firm evidence for restoration of gut bacteria by probiotics?

I read two online articles on the use of probiotics to help maintain balance of gut bacteria when undergoing antibiotic treatment: https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/what-to-eat-antibiotics https://...
1 vote
0 answers
21 views

Can josamycin be taken by a man? [closed]

I'm researching on such a component as josamycin. It is actively subscribed to women to treat urethral infection. The question is, can it be taken by men with the same effectiveness?
3 votes
1 answer
52 views

Use of antibiotics with chest infections

I would like to have a confusing part of medicine cleared up. My experience of medical intervention is as follows. As pointed out in the answer to Does taking antibiotics make you immune to virus? ...
5 votes
1 answer
75 views

When taking antibiotics, does every single germ have to die?

When I get sick and need to take antibiotics, I get admonished to carry the treatment until the end, otherwise I am breeding antibiotic-resistant superbugs. Does this mean that when I finish the ...
1 vote
0 answers
1k views

Is kiwi safe to eat during antibiotic therapy? [closed]

I look for information about if it is safe to eat a Kiwi fruit during antibiotic therapy. I know that the fruit is source of calcium so it can weaken absorption of drug so time delay before and after ...
4 votes
1 answer
196 views

Why stomach ulcer need more than one antibiotic at the same time?

Almost all treatment recommendation for gastritis, duodenitis or peptic ulcer that has Helicobacter pylori, calls for 2 or 3 antibiotic at the same time, why is that ? Why not use a single effective ...
1 vote
0 answers
43 views

Why are bacteriophage viruses so infrequently used in the western countries?

Bacteriophages are, in eastern countries including Russia, a pretty common, or at least well known, approach to get rid of bacterial infections. (This is discussed in How Dangerous Are Superbugs ...
2 votes
2 answers
6k views

Why is Tobramycin prescribed for ear infections?

Tobramycin is ototoxic and in some individuals with genetic predisposition Tobramycin can apparently cause rapid permanent balance and hearing loss. Yet, at least where I live, Tobramycin is ...
2 votes
0 answers
22 views

Does treatment with pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine eliminate reservoirs of Toxoplasma gondii?

Toxoplasma gondii is known to be one of many pathogens that sequesters away in nerve cells, as well as cysts in the muscles and liver, to avoid the immune system. Standard treatment for severe ...
2 votes
0 answers
26 views

Is taking too much antibiotics in relation to antibiotics resistance a problem for the patient or population?

Imagine a patient who gets multiple treatments with antibiotics, and didn't really need them (bacterial infection, but would have gotten healthy without antibiotics). Is it the same patient who is at ...
4 votes
1 answer
148 views

Do antibiotic-resistant bacteria present greater danger than related strains prior to development of antibiotics?

Are antibiotic-resistant bacteria more dangerous besides their resistance? I am aware of the way things were before the first antibiotics: people died from infections often and diseases like syphilis ...
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

Do doxycycline and ciprofloxacin decrease each others effectiveness?

I was taking doxycycline for an infection of streptococcus spp. causing epididymitis. I was healing under this antibiotic, then the doctor added ciprofloxacin to my treatment, so I am taking 100 mg of ...
4 votes
1 answer
75 views

Should mixtures of antibiotics become standard practice to curb antibiotic resistance?

Intuitively the standard practice of using only 1 antibiotic for a standard (non-resistant) infection poses the highest risk of developing resistance (because the bacterial population only has to beat ...
3 votes
1 answer
68 views

Is it necessary to take antibiotics after medical/dental treatment? [closed]

Usually I don't take antibiotics when I take medicines according to a prescription. Is it necessary to take antibiotics when I am bleeding in my body, for example, in my gum or teeth? I thought I do ...
3 votes
1 answer
385 views

Why do doxycycline pills also contain lactose?

Prescriptions in the UK contain doxycycline as doxycycline hyclate. They are also listed as containing lactose. Why is the lactose helpful?
2 votes
3 answers
164 views

What to do if someone mistakenly ingests food contraindicated by medication requirements?

In the past I have read a couple of times that one should not consume milk-based-products when taking certain medication for a certain amount of time before and after taking the product. To be a ...
2 votes
0 answers
28 views

Streptococcus pyogenes mutation and recurrence

Does the bacteria that cause strep throat also mutates, just like the virus that cause flu? In the same season, is it possible for a person to be infected multiple times (concurrently or not) by the ...
3 votes
1 answer
88 views

Is there solid evidence, that antibiotics cause allergies?

I have read, that the use of antibiotics could be part of the reason for the increase in allergies, we see today. In alternative medicine circles, it is a common theme to reduce the use of ...
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

Demodex control with antibiotics: why and how?

Wikipedia says: Demodex folliculorum is a microscopic mite that can only survive on the skin of people. Most people have D. folliculorum on their skin. Usually, the mites do not cause any harm, ...
5 votes
1 answer
53 views

Antibiotics only if fractured?

My 3 year old daughter got her pinky finger closed in the door last night. It broke the skin. We took her to urgent care and they did an x-ray. While waiting for the results, the tech said that if ...
11 votes
1 answer
160 views

Why should we finish antibiotic treatments in order to prevent antibiotics resistance?

I understand bacteria can mutate and develop resistance against antibiotics, but I do not understand how finishing an antibiotics treatment prevents this. In my simple thought process, when an ...
3 votes
0 answers
26 views

Single antibiotic dose for infection prevention in teeth surgery: Bad idea? [closed]

I was given a single dose of (I think) amoxicillin before teeth surgery to prevent infection. Appartently this is a common and accepted practice. Doesn't this promote the development of antibiotic ...
3 votes
2 answers
55 views

Do infected family members need to be treated with antibiotics at the same time?

When antibiotics become necessary I assume that the body can not kill the bacteria on its own and there are no useful anti bodies being built. So in a case where the child is treated with antibiotics ...
10 votes
1 answer
120 views

How serious is the antibiotic resistance problem?

I found figures and numbers on CDC and WHO, while the general public may have little idea about those numbers, such as how many people "normally" die from such disease. Can anyone provide some easy-...
1 vote
1 answer
84 views

Natural treatment of chronic prostatitis - Does herbal medicines have side affects?‏

I have had prostatitis for several years. Since almost all antibiotics were not helpful to me due to drug resistance, I am trying to find some natural treatment of chronic prostatitis, so I Googled ...
3 votes
1 answer
158 views

Can acne bacteria become resistant to Clindamycin?

Clindamycinum is an antibiotic used to treat skin and vaginal infections. Can people use Clindamycinum for more than 60 days or will the bacteria become resistant to it?
3 votes
2 answers
1k views

Can using moisturiser make acne worse? [closed]

Over the last few weeks, I've started breaking out with medium-to-severe acne, and in an attempt to clear it up in the short-term I've been using the T-Zone Skin Clearing Face Moisturiser. However, I'...
-1 votes
1 answer
655 views

It is possible to kill staph. aureus in tonsils with antibiotics or citricidal? [closed]

It is possible to kill staph. aureus in tonsils with antibiotics? Because i ve heard that it just disappear for few days or weeks. But on the other hand i heard some people heal it with citricidal. ...
1 vote
1 answer
98 views

Resistance of Bacteria to Antibiotics after fall-back

If an infection comes back a few weeks after taking antibiotics, because the full dose and prescribed amount of antibiotics wasn't taken, does this mean that the bacteria is now immune to that ...
2 votes
2 answers
532 views

Why does overuse of antibiotics cause resistance?

The way I see it there are 2 cases: 1. The patient uses antibiotics and has an infection. 2. The patient does not have an infection and uses the antibiotics. For case 1, this is a legitimate use. ...