Here some info regarding of the pathogens which could be transmitted by saliva of cats (and hence by skin abrasions and bites):
Saliva of cats can be transmitted through bite wounds, skin abrasions, or mucous membranes. Teeth can penetrate deeply leading to contamination of bone and joint (osteomyelitis or septic arthritis). Infection complicates cat bites in about 50 percent of cases.
Some decades ago, a prospective study 1 incuding 186 patients with cat bite wounds reported following risk factors for wound infections: older age, longer time intervals until ED treatment, wounds inflicted by "pet" cats, attempting wound care at home, having a more severe wound and having a deeper wound.
The pathogens which can be transmitted through saliva of cats are:
- bartonella henselae (causing cat scratch disease)
- pasteurella multocida (can cause serious soft-tissue
infections and less commonly septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, sepsis,
and meningitis particularly in infants or immunocompromised hosts)
- capnocytophaga (can cause sepsis or meningitis and if following an eye
trauma due to a cat bite it can cause corneal infection)
- tularemia (patient present with fever, chills, headache, and malaise,
after an incubation period of 2 to 10 days)
- cowpox (which can mimic anthrax, i.e. painful hemorrhagic pustule or
A recent study 2 reported the frequency of pathogens found in cat bite wounds:
There are vaccination against rabies. For laboratory workers, a vaccine against Francisella tularensis has been developed but is not yet widely available.
Kotton CN. Zoonoses from cats. UpToDate. Jun 2016. http://www.uptodate.com/contents/zoonoses-from-cats?source=machineLearning&search=zoonoses+cat&selectedTitle=1%7E150§ionRank=1&anchor=H5#H5
For infos regarding vaccination: www.cdc.gov