A recent literature review of the evidence regarding long term effects of cannabis (3 weeks or longer since last use) reported:
Cannabis appears to continue to exert impairing effects in executive
functions even after 3 weeks of abstinence and beyond. While basic
attentional and working memory abilities are largely restored, the
most enduring and detectable deficits are seen in decision-making,
concept formation and planning. Verbal fluency impairments are
somewhat mixed at this stage. Similar to the residual effects of
cannabis use, those studies with subjects having chronic, heavy
cannabis use show the most enduring deficits.
The complete review is open access and available here:
Crean RD, Crane NA, Mason BJ. An Evidence Based Review of Acute and Long-Term Effects of Cannabis Use on Executive Cognitive Functions. Journal of addiction medicine. 2011;5(1):1-8. doi:10.1097/ADM.0b013e31820c23fa.