I am wondering if anyone is exploring doing prenatal/fetal surgery using micro-robotic devices controlled "by wire", a sort of local-remote surgery?
There are a number of medical conditions that are treated by fetal (in utero) surgery, spina bifida being an example. Such procedures are done either as open fetal surgery (similar to c-section procedures) or by fetoscopic ("keyhole") surgery. Both of these procedures carry significant risks and constraints in order for the fetus to remain viable. While fetoscopy is certainly far safer than open surgery it is limited in what can be done and is more rare due to the advanced surgical skills required.
In my (non-medical) opinion it seems that endoscopic utero insertion of micro-robotic devices with a trailing control wire would allow a far wider range of procedures as well as minimize the effective trauma to the mother & the fetus. It also might allow for more available surgeons/surgeries since it would not require advanced endoscopic skills.