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Are there any resources or literature that spell out the factors affecting image quality for each of the main imaging techniques or can someone provide such a list?

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Here are some resources and books you can use but before that check out FDA ,radiologyeducation.com, virginia.edu , emory.edu and sprawls.org i think they can pretty much give you the information you want.

For fundamental information and physic of radiography ( which i think is the answer to your question) :

Principles of Radiographic Imaging: An Art and a Science

Review of Radiologic Physics

The Essential Physics of Medical Imaging

Fundamentals of Medical Imaging Principles Radiographic Imaging Science

Radiology Fundamentals

Radiobiology for the Radiologist

For MRI i recommend :

MRI in Practice

For PET scan :

Basics of PET Imaging: Physics, Chemistry, and Regulations

CT scan :

Computed Tomography for Technologists

Step by Step Ct Scan

Fundamentals of Body Ct

If you need other sources you can see bookdepository and amazon I hope that i helped.

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  • Thank you for this. 'Review of Radiologic Physics' is just what I am after. Jul 23, 2016 at 4:42
  • I'm glad I was able to help. but you were not very specific in your question if you make it a little more specific maybe i be able to give you a more suitable answer as you know the physic and the technic behind every method of imaging differ from one to another
    – M.shadow
    Jul 23, 2016 at 5:19
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It seems that the goal in medical imaging is to be effective at making a determination about various disease states. So generating a "quality" image means a different thing, depending upon the target.

One may wish to examine the effectiveness of various imaging modalities when targeting a specific disease. In the following figure, for medullary thyroid cancer, we see that the effectiveness (sensitivity) varies with the modality and the place in the body where the target might reside:

percent effectiveness for medullary thyroid cancer

(the figure above comes from this paper)

Again, a question about "image quality" would benefit by expanding more about what that means. For instance, you might have very fine-grained and high resolution imaging of non-diseased artifacts, but the imaging modality is not capable of differentiating target (disease) from normal tissue. The image might be considered "high quality" on the basis of resolution, but "low quality" on the basis of disease detection.

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