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I found that these terms are frequently used interchangeably, especially when browsing the internet. However, I wonder if there is any (subtle) difference between them.

My current understanding is:

  1. Metabolic syndromes: is a term describing obesity, hypertension, glucose intolerance, and/ or dyslipidemia, as mentioned here
  2. Metabolic diseases: is a term describing the actual disease, such as diabetes, stroke, and/ or fatty liver diseases, as mentioned here
  3. Metabolic disorder: is a term describing diseases related to metabolism (usually is caused by gene mutation), as mentioned here

However, I do find people used them interchangeably, such as this article used metabolic disorders to describe fatty liver diseases.

Please correct me if I am wrong. I would like to know what is the common practice of using these terms in a medical setting. Thanks!

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  • Your sources are good, and if you read them critically, they in no way contradict each other, nor are the terms used interchangeably. I’m your first example, you misused and/ or. Metabolic syndrome is a specific cluster of disorders, not just one of them. Recommend rereading the sources. Source for 3 is specifically inherited MD. Nowhere is it claimed that all MDs are genetic. May 20, 2022 at 0:33

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