There are a lot of neurodevelopmental conditions which are hidden-type and resembles mental conditions. These includes sensory processing disorders, prosopagnosia, developmental coordination disorder (dyspraxia), ADHD, autism, dyslexia, dyscalculia etc.

Which speciality is better suited to diagnose these type of conditions? A neurologist or a psychologist or a psychiatrist?

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    Have you considered the limits of their training and licensure? Psychologists, for example, aren't medical doctors, so they can't diagnose physical or drug-induced disorders.
    – Carey Gregory
    Jan 4, 2021 at 22:59
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    There is a specialty called Neuropsychiatry; basically it deals with "mental disorders" (not my choice of words) that have a neurological component. (N.B. The official stance is that the brain and mind are not separate entities but are integrated. While that might be obvious to some, it's unlike psychiatry, which takes a dualistic approach: think Freud.) They may be harder to find, though. Apr 9, 2021 at 15:22

1 Answer 1


The best practices regarding neurodevelopmental issues are inter and transdisciplinary, consider this example.

The pediatrician is usually the first practitioner to see the patient, he should suspect and make a screening test, a psychologist might then perform a diagnostic evaluation.

People with ASD have increased risk of epilepsy so an EEG might then be performed and interpreted by a neurologist.

If it's comorbid or otherwise a complex case, a psychiatrist might then come into action.

Many people with neurodevelopmental disorders will have some form of motor difficulties so a physiatrist might be called.

In short, there are many professionals that can and should be involved in the evaluation and management. There is no one "jack of all trades" practitioner for developmental disorders.

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    Welcome to Medical Sciences! We work differently than most SE sites in that we have a strict policy that all answers should be backed up with reliable references so that the answer can be independently verified regardless of the reader's background. Unreferenced claims can lead to answers being deleted.
    – Carey Gregory
    Apr 9, 2021 at 0:41
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    Oh, thanks for the heads up! I'll fix it when I have time
    – ChrisDewa
    Apr 9, 2021 at 1:18

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