I would tend to think of coronavirus stability from a biophysics point of view. The virus is a small droplet of water inside a lipid membrane, with some proteins in the membrane and a bunch of proteins+RNA packed inside. It is very sensitive to Kampf 2020 (a) detergents - these dissolve the membrane and presumably cause the contents to spill out, (b) RNA damaging agents (such as UVC) - there is no nucleic acid repair machinery so even a single RNA break is likely to inactivate the virus, and (c) denaturing agents (such as heat) - if enough of the proteins are denatured it would stop being able to get into cells. Alcohol is both a detergent and a denaturing agent (over 60% conc). Note that dehydration does not affect the virus much either way: it is stable in water, but also stable if completely air-dried out: "able to retain viability for 3-5 days in dried form or 7 days in solution at room temperature" Chan 2020 (probably because enough water is retained to allow it to rehydrate without damaging the structure). It would decay with time, very slowly (days to weeks) and it may also be eaten by bacteria or fungi (that eat anything organic) which may be a much faster process. A meta-analysis of 26 studies that measure inactivation under different conditions is in Guillier 2020.
From that perspective, coronavirus in food would be expected to be quite stable at least over a few days to a week. It would only be inactivated by heat, or possibly lipid or protein digesting enzymes. How much heat is not clear, but there is no reason to think the coronavirus proteins are either especially thermally stable or unstable - so as a ballpark enough heat to cook meat, or boil an egg (both involve protein denaturation) would also be enough to denature most coronavirus proteins. A fridge, or especially freezer, would extend the half life considerably (weeks to months; "SARS-CoV-2 in solution ... remained viable for up to 14 days at 4°C" Chan 2020). There is very little specific evidence on the stability of any type of coronavirus in food (as opposed to on the surface of packaging, or in water), but what little exists points to persistence for several days, again with much longer times at lower temperatures (eg for MERS-CoV in milk, 37% viable after 72 h at 4°C; this and other studies are reviewed in Olaimat 2020).
Note that cooked food which is contaminated after cooking would be just as problematic as raw food. It would have to be re-heated just before eating to be safe.
Okay, assuming coronavirus is stable in food: is it possible to get infected by ingestion? Probably yes, or at least it cannot be ruled out: "SARS-CoV-2 spread from staff to food products or food surfaces is conceivable" Ceylan 2020 and "SARS‐CoV‐2 may also have the potential for foodborne and waterborne transmission" Aboubakr 2020. SARS-CoV-2 often manifests with GI symptoms first, and may infect the GI tract: "there is mounting evidence that SARS-CoV-2 infection also involves the GI tract" Ding 2020; it is excreted in feces Yeo 2020 and is present in saliva Azzi 2020; and the oral route is the primary route for transmission of non-human coronaviruses such as MHV, BCoV, feline enteric coronavirus and others (also from Ding 2020). Even if the oral route is not very effective, it would be quite surprising if SARS-CoV-2 was completely non-infectious orally.
P.S. Regarding the CDC pages you quote, pay close attention to the wording: "there is no evidence that X" doesn't mean that there is any evidence that X is not true either; it may mean simply that nobody has tried to do an experiment like that and so there is no (direct) evidence either way. Even so, it may be reasonable to think that X is likely to be true because of logic and indirect information (as here).
P.P.S. Note that most things that inactivate the virus would cause an exponential decay in the amount of viable virus. So "stable for a week" doesn't mean there is 100% active virus at 6 days, and 0% and 8 days; it means that half of it would be inactivated in a week, half of the remainder in two weeks and so forth.