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After topical antibiotics and/or retinoid and/or benzoyl peroxide, dermatologists commonly prescribe oral antibiotics, but why?

  1. Presume that the patient dutifully consumes the full prescribed course of antibiotics.

  2. Antibiotics may reduce the number of, but can't kill to the last drop Cutibacterium acnes.

  3. Normally acne sufferers don't live in a sterile environment, and C. acnes may be floating in the air or lying on surfaces. Even if antibiotics kill every single bacterium of C. acnes this time, it'll probably colonize you again and regrow. C. acnes is

largely commensal and part of the skin flora present on most healthy adult humans' skin.[8] It is usually just barely detectable on the skin of healthy preadolescents. It lives, among other things, primarily on fatty acids in sebum secreted by sebaceous glands in the follicles. It may also be found throughout the gastrointestinal tract.[9]

  1. Oral antibiotics mustn't be consumed forever.

  2. After antibiotics kill most of the C. acnes and the patient stops taking the antibiotic, the remaining C. acnes (perhaps now resistant to that antibiotic) will proliferate to its formerly high concentration, and cause acne again.

My argument befits the comments beneath.

Subantimicrobial (low) Dose Doxycycline - antibiotics successful for moderate acne and rosacea without the resistant bacteria and changes to flora : scacjdiscussion

I took 50mg/daily for about two years and it worked a treat but when I stopped taking it the acne came straight back.

[Acne] Stopping antibiotics after 2 and a half years : SkincareAddictionUK

It's just once you've stopped taking the antibiotics, there's going to be a period of several weeks/going into months where your skin might be getting worse because you came off of the anitbiotics - or might be because of reactions to the new topicals.

  • Why the copy-paste of another user's question from another stack? While I don't think the question itself is "bad" I'm curious why not just push for the original to be migrated from Biology SE? – motosubatsu Apr 14 at 9:50
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Oral antibiotics (traditionally tetracyclines) have been found effective for treating acne for many years. Two major mechanisms inlcude:

  1. inhibiting the growth of C. acnes
  2. anti-inflammatory effect (inhibits granuloma formation)

Of course, antibiotic resistance is a major concern, which is why oral antibiotics are generally prescribed for shortest duration possible (3-4 months) with topical retinoids for maintenance therapy.

Resistance to tetracyclines was thought to be rare, but studies have begin finding resistant strains, so strong antibiotic stewardship will be vital for maintaining oral antibiotic efficacy.

Personal thoughts: Antibiotics most likely never completely eradicate a bacterial population, but by bringing down the bacterial load, you enable your immune system to maintain the remaining bacteria at a low enough level to avoid clinical symptoms.

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  • Thanks. 5. Did you answer my point 3 "it'll probably colonize you again and regrow"? 6. Can you pls elaborate how "by bringing down the bacterial load, you enable your immune system to maintain the remaining bacteria at a low enough level to avoid clinical symptoms"? As Dr. Graham Chiu wrote "Commensal bacteria on the skin are not controlled by the immune system" at medicalsciences.stackexchange.com/a/5605. – Edge Apr 22 at 21:18

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