I have read the blood is warmer than the same body's core temperature. The core temperature is known to be 37 degrees, and I have been told the average blood temperature is 38 degrees. This was in my lecture slides. Another source I found was the book Nursing Practice: Knowledge and Care (page 570), which states the same thing, without any real explanation.
Is there a known purpose/mechanism behind this, or is it more a side-effect of another process? I haven't been able to find any reliable sources (only quora etc.)
Possible reasons I came up with were:
- Blood is responsible for heat loss (keywords: capillaries, vasodilation)
- This doesn't make sense to me as the blood can never get hotter than the surface/system from which it is absorbing the heat (e.g. internal organs)
- Blood flows. This could generate some extra warmth due to (accumulative) frictional forces between the blood and the vessel walls.
- This makes most sense to me, as it is a major difference between the blood and the organs, when considering their temperatures, ceteris paribus. It makes sense if looking from the perspective of simple heat transfer and thermodynamics.
- These are all just averages, and so there isn't a single answer, just "it depends..."
I am not really interested in the argument that blood feels warm on your (relatively) colder hands.
Perhaps a separate question; if movement and work are taken into account, do the walls of the heart become warmer as the heart beats faster? Do we neglect the temperature increase of a hard-working liver as an exception to "core temperature"?
Any sources/further reading welcome!