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If a patient has an autoimmune disease - Hashimoto's Thyroiditis, for example - and is not on immunosuppressants, are they at a higher, lower or equal risk of ending up with COVID-19 (or any other catching illness)?

This assumes that the patient is otherwise healthy and in any age bracket (if there are age-related statistics someone would like to share, assume the patient is in the 20-30 y/o bracket).

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This type of data can only come from studies. The ones I've looked at so far do not indicate that single organ autoimmune disease is a risk factor.

The risk factors they looked at in the study below were: age, smoking, cardiorespiratory disease, hypertension, cerebrovascular disease, chronic renal disease, immunodeficiency, hepatitis B infection, diabetes (type not specified), and cancer.

Hypertension is an odd factor and may relate to the concurrent use of ACEI drugs which may make people more prone to infection.

https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa2002032

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  • Does this apply to other contagious illnesses as well?
    – L.B.
    Mar 17 '20 at 14:17

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