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In trying to find information about available telemedicine skin cancer screening services, I've noticed that many telemedicine services are only available to a specific region. They service a few large cities in the USA or a handful of states or they are available to people in the UK and nowhere else.

I assume there is no real technological reason to limit the availability of many of these services (eg it's negligibly harder to transmit images for dermatology screening services from a location in the USA to the UK compared to sending it between two locations in the USA).

If this assumption is valid, what is the reason to limit the availability of these services based on geography?

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    This question makes me wonder how groups like Doctors Without Borders (MSF) operate legally. Do they have a lot of political "strings" they can pull to get their doctors temporarily licensed in the places where they are deployed, or do they assume that no government would actually file Practicing Medicine Without a License charges against people who are willing to risk their lives in disaster areas? – Columbia says Reinstate Monica Oct 14 at 22:39
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    @RobertColumbia I don't know but I would bet it's your second explanation. Most of the places they operate don't exactly have robust public health services that are enforcing licensing matters. – Carey Gregory Oct 14 at 23:21
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Telemedicine is still health care; health care is highly regulated, and regulations and licensing vary on a country-by-country and state-by-state basis (and perhaps to more local levels, as well). A doctor licensed to practice in, say, the UK, can't practice medicine in the US without getting a license to do so.

Some of the restrictions may be bypassed in the future by legislation that accounts for the potential of long-distance care, but on the other hand there may be significant safety concerns that are good reason to maintain the status quo.

I'm not sure what the best sources are to explain this, so I'll just quote Wikipedia:

Restrictive licensure laws in the United States require a practitioner to obtain a full license to deliver telemedicine care across state lines. Typically, states with restrictive licensure laws also have several exceptions (varying from state to state) that may release an out-of-state practitioner from the additional burden of obtaining such a license. A number of states require practitioners who seek compensation to frequently deliver interstate care to acquire a full license.

...

More specific and widely reaching laws, legislations and regulations will have to evolve with the technology. They will have to be fully agreed upon, for example, will all clinicians need full licensing in every community they provide telehealth services too, or could there be a limited use telehealth licence? Would the limited use licence cover all potential telehealth interventions, or only some? Who would be responsible if an emergency was occurring and the practitioner could not provide immediate help – would someone else have to be in the room with the patient at all consult times? Which state, city or country would the law apply in when a breach or malpractice occurred? [99][122]

A major legal action prompt in telehealth thus far has been issues surrounding online prescribing and whether an appropriate clinician-patient relationship can be established online to make prescribing safe, making this an area that requires particular scrutiny.[98] It may be required that the practitioner and patient involved must meet in person at least once before online prescribing can occur, or that at least a live-video conference must occur, not just impersonal questionnaires or surveys to determine need.[123]

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    I think this is an interesting topic and your answer just got cited in a question on the Law exchange. – Carey Gregory Oct 14 at 23:56

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