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Among common causes of rhinitis are

  • irritants
  • weather changes
  • infection (e.g. common cold)
  • allergy (e.g. hay fever)

One way to disentangle between infection and allergy in presence of rhinitis is by the presence/absence of fever. Indeed, allergies never triggers fever (see Why don't allergies cause fever?), while infections often do.

Can non-allergic, non-pathogenic rhinitis (e.g. irritant and weather change) also be associated with fever?

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Common cold, which is an acute viral infection of the nose, is rarely associated with fever in adults (Canadian Medical Association Journal ; DPHHS Montana).

Allergic rhinitis does not usually cause fever; it's not mentioned as a symptoms on major clinical websites (Emedicine ; Mayo Clinic ; MedlinePlus). News In Health says allergic rhinitis "never" causes fever, while The Journal Of Allergy and Clinical Immunology says that fever "is rarely found in patients with allergic rhinitis."

Non-allergic rhinitis (irritant, vasomotor, hormonal, medicamentous, gustatory, senile, etc.) is also not associated with fever according to various sources (Emedicine ; Mayo Clinic ; World Allergy Organization ; Allergy). After some further research, there seems to be no evidence that non-allergic, non-infectious rhinitis would be associated with fever, but I can't exclude the possibility that sometimes could be.

In conclusion, the absence of fever does not help (much) in determining the type of rhinitis.

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