As I remember, when I caught a fever in my childhood, my dad and mom often put a frozen towel in front of my forehead when I was sleeping, in addition to regular treats like hot water and proper medicine. This doesn't seem to be an isolated case, but a rather prevalent method instead.
If I learned correctly, fever is a body temperature that's higher than normal (> 37.5°C). The body raises its temperature as a defensive method against invading micro-creatures like bacteria and fungi. I doubt a bit whether cooling forcefully in this way really helps because it doesn't appear that logical, even if intuitive.