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I'm asking for my sister who feels burdened by how her dermatologist is too risk-averse. Her measurements are at the bottom.

Her severe nodular acne, all over forehead, face, and back, has been worsening since commencing 6 months ago. Her GP prescribed antibiotics and topical tretinoins that didn't help, and referred to a dermatologist.

On Sep. 24, 2018, after a spotless blood test and no side effects, dermatologist started her on 30 days of 20 mg Epuris.

On Oct. 24, after another spotless blood test and no side effects, he increased the dose to 30 days of 40 mg Epuris. She asked to increase to 60 mg, but he refused. She didn't challenge him.

She has seen no improvement. Thus since Nov. 1, she decided herself to take 80 mg Epuris (2 capsules x 40 mg/capsule). Preventing more permanent skin scarring from acne, is more crucial to her than following this dermatologist's sluggish increases of 20 mg/month. Taking 80 mg means that she'll exhaust her supply this week, but she has changed her appointment to this week. I'll accompany her.

How do we communicate her decision to try 80 mg, without offending him?

Age: 25 Sex: F
Height: 6'0" = 183 cm Weight: 140 lbs = 63.5
Any existing relevant medical issues (if any): None save acne.
Current medications (if any): None save Epuris.

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    I'm voting to close this question as off-topic because this question is about communication, not the medical sciences. – DoctorWhom Nov 6 '18 at 7:37
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    Rushing things is never a good idea. Please be patient. If you have a genuine dermatologist, het or she knows what to do and they will increase the dose if that is safe and wise to do. If you tamper with the dose, and you got any problems due to this medicine, you probably lose in court due to messing with the dose. – Toon Krijthe Nov 6 '18 at 7:37
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    @DoctorWhom See my answer below: Shouldn't the theory of proper patient-doctor interaction be on-topic? Communication is becoming a major part of medical sciences... – Narusan Nov 6 '18 at 13:39
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    You might consider asking this on Interpersonal Skills. Medical expertise isn't needed to answer this question. – Carey Gregory Nov 6 '18 at 21:32
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Quick Introduction

She asked to increase to 60 mg, but he refused. She didn't challenge him.

Let’s just analyse what has happened:

  • your sister is suffering from acne
  • the dosage of medication doesn’t alleviate the acne as much as she hoped they would
  • she asks that the dosage is increased furthermore
  • the dermatologist refuses
  • she increases the dosage herself

This seems like there is a lot of miscommunication going on here:

  • the dermatologist hasn’t understood how severe the problem is to her and didn't communicate clearly what the treatment and prognosis are
  • your sister didn’t understand why the dermatologist didn’t want to increase the dosage

Some Theory

The Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R) categorises patient's perception of an illness into 5 categories:

  • Identity
  • Cause
  • Timeline
  • Consequences
  • Cure-Control

Moss-Morris, R., Weinman, J., Petrie, K. J., Horne, R., Cameron, L.D., & Buick, D. (2002). The Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R). Psychology and Health. 17, 1-16.

It is a doctor's job to be aware of the patient's illness perception, but it is also good as a patient to be clear about one's perception.

I've just gone ahead and did that for your sister (from what I got of your description). I'm not saying that her perception of the illness is correct and that this is how the illness de-facto is, but that this is how your sister probably views her acne.

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From what I understood from your post, your sister's perception clashes with her dermatologist's perception in three categories: Timeline, Consequences and Cure-Control.

A potential fix

The dermatologist needs to communicate more clearly

  • why the dosage was not increased, and why an increased dosage is not an all-fix. (Cure-Control)
  • the consequences (Is it really permanent skin-scarring? How to prevent it? What damage control can be done?) (Consequences)
  • the timeline/prognosis: How long will the acne affect her? When will the symptoms get better? (Timeline)

Your sister can achieve this by telling the dermatologist her illness perception and asking the above questions.

Your sister should not blame the dermatologist for the miscommunication, the fault might be on both sides.

Your sister should also not leave before she understands why the dermatologist doesn't want her to take a higher dosage, and if she continues to go against the dermatologist's recommendations, should ask herself why she does it and if a change of dermatologists would be in order.


What you should ('nt) do

  • Do accompany her to the appointment
  • Do talk with her about what she wants to achieve with this appointment
  • Don't go with her into the patient's room, just wait outside. This is not a fight between your sister and an evil dermatologist, this is just your sister needing to understand why the dermatologist doesn't want her to take more medication and the dermatologist needing to understand why your sister wants to take more medication. Your presence will hamper the communication between them, and you will not be able to do anything as you are neither patient nor doctor.
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