I am interested in finding possible causes of elevated levels of beta-HCG and Alpha-1-Fetoprotein in males.

However, as much as I see, the only answer I find relates to cancer, and my curiosity is about the possible exogenous causes (for instance drugs), or in case there are none, other non-oncology related conditions that may cause these two levels to be out of range.

I have read that some pregnancy-related drugs can alter values, but in males how could this happen?

  • 2
    I don't know of any non-malignant causes. Jan 26, 2018 at 7:36
  • Yes, that is understandable. So no drug, apart from beta-HCG itself or similars molecules, can increase the levels. I wonder if environmental causes can impact the levels of the two.
    – senseiwa
    Jan 26, 2018 at 15:24


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