What is the answer to the following question? And why?
An untreated patient with which one of the following conditions is MOST LIKELY to present with (relative to a healthy individual) decreased plasma bicarbonate and decreased total body sodium?
- (a) diabetic ketoacidosis
- (b) carbon monoxide poisoning
- (c) anaphylactic shock
- (d) severe iron-deficiency anaemia
- (e) a panic attack and hyperventilation